TOP 10 LESSER KNOWN FACTS ABOUT DR B R AMBEDKAR 10. Dr.ambedkar born in madhyapradesh [mhow] and was 14th child of his parents.his father was in military as subhedar and posted in mhow contingent his family name was sakpal and his village name was ambavade so he used to known by his village name that ambavadkar. 9.Due to caste discrimination at those days he was not allowed to sit inside classroom and her has bring his own jute cloth so school floor wont get dirty by his touch.he could not touch water himself so someone has to pour to him.when no body is there to pour he has to sit thirsty for hours. 8.he has awarded with 11.50 sterling pound monthly by king of badoda mr.gaikwad,to complete his post graduation in USA. for his growing family He worked as a private tutor, as an accountant, and established an investment consulting business, but it failed when his clients learned that he was an untouchable. his growing family He worked as a private tutor, as an accountant. 7. In 1923 at the age of 32 he took his Doctor of science in Economics, and the same year he was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn. Incidentally, in his journey (1917) he travelled separately from his collection of books, which were lost when the ship on which they were dispatched was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine. 6.In 1935, Ambedkar was appointed principal of the Government Law College, Mumbai, a position he held for two years. Settling in Mumbai, Ambedkar oversaw the construction of a house, and stocked his personal library with more than 50,000 books 5.In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, which contested in the 1937 Bombay election to the Central Legislative Assembly for the 13 reserved and 4 general seats and securing 11 and 3 seats respectively. .Ambedkar opposed Article 370 in the Constitution,dr.Ambedkar had clearly told Sk. Abdullah I as the Law Minister of India, will never do it." Then Sk. Abdullah went to Nehru,who directed him to Gopal Swami Ayyangar, who approached Sardar Patel asking him to do something as it was a matter of prestige of Nehru, who has promised Sk. Abdullah accordingly. Patel got it passed when Nehru was on foreign tour. 4. He loved fine dogs and would bring from te farthest of the country if his eyes fell on a charming breed. he loved cockerspanial breed much than any other .his dogs named were TOBBY AND PETER. 3.Ambedkar wrote three scholarly books on economics: Administration and Finance of the East India Company, The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India The Problem of the Rupee: Its Origin and Its Solution 2.The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), was based on the ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission 1.Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi.A Buddhist cremation was organised for him at Dadar Chowpatty beach on 7 December, attended by half a million sorrowing people.
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There are just two original copies of the Constitution in the country written in Hindi and English. They have been preserved in helium-filled cases in the Parliament of India. photo lithographic copies are in circulation and only 1000 copies have been written till date. India has the longest written Constitution in the world, incorporating 448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments. Two copies of the Constitution were prepared: in English and in Hindi. Both were signed by 308 members of the Assembly on 24th January 1950. It became effective two days later, and came into force throughout the country. 4. India’s motto “Satyamev Jayate” is taken from the Mundaka Upanishad,from the Atharvaveda It was translated into Hindi by Abid Ali in 1911. Madan Mohan Malviya was responsible for selecting the Indian motto. 5.india have tradition to invite other country chief officials since 1950. pakistan has been invited twice in 1955 governor general malik ghulam Muhammad and in 1965 dana abdul hamid food and agriculture minister 6.It took Dr. B.R.Ambedkar 2 years 11 months and 18 days to draft the Indian Constitution.The Assembly gathered for 166 days that was spread over two years, 7.constitution of india is handwritten not printed , 8. The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, three years after we got independence. 9. Our leaders took the best aspects from other countries' constitutions. The concept of liberty, equality and fraternity came from the French constitution while the Five-Year Plans came from the USSR constitution. 10.26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.
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10 best Indian Army quotes: 1. "Either I will come back after hoisting the tricolor, or I will come back wrapped in it, but I will be back for sure.” 2. “What is a lifetime adventure for you is a daily routine for us.” - Ladakh Leh highway sign board... Indian Army 3. “If death strikes, before I prove my blood, I swear I’ll kill death.” – Capt. Manoj Kumar Pandey, Param Veer Chakra 1/11 Gorkha Rifles 4. “Our flag does not fly because the wind moves it, it flies with the last breath of each soldier who died protecting it.” Indian Army 5. “To find us, you must be good, to catch us you must be fast, but to beat us…………you must be kidding.” Indian Army 6. “May God have mercy on our enemies, because we won’t.” Indian Army 7. “We live by chance, we love by choice, we kill by profession.” – Officers Training Academy, Chennai "हमारा जीना हमारा संयोग है, 8. “If a man says he’s not afraid of dying, he’s either lying, or he’s a Gorkha.” – Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw 9. “It is God’s duty to forgive the terrorists, but it’s our duty to convene a meeting between the two.” Indian Army 10. “I regret I have but one life to give for my country.” - Officer Prem Ramchandani
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HERE IS THE LIST OF TOP 10 HIDDEN TREASURE OF INDIA YET TO BE RECOVER 1. Sri Mokkambika temple, Karnataka 2. Krishna river treasure, Andhra Pradesh 3. Charminar Tunnel, Hyderabad 4. Nadir Shah’s treasure 5. Sonbhandar Caves, Bihar 6. Treasure of Mir Osman Ali, Hyderabad 7. Mughal Treasure of Alwar, Rajasthan 8. Treasure of Man Singh 1, Jaipur 9. Wreck of the Grosvenor (South Africa) 10. Padmanabhaswamy Temple Chamber B, Kerala
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https://www.facebook.com/beinginfolligent 10 INDIAN TANTRIK SADHUS YOU DONT WANNA MESS WITH YATUDHAN/JATUDHAN these are extremely rare form of tantriks that they have rumoured as they are inhumane or demons.there less than 10 exists in the world.there is no much knowledge about these types of tantriks till now.there is some information in atharv veda about them.they have no form as such and can not identified. often they misunderstood by rumours that they eat flesh and blood.but theres no such known incidences yet.they said to be more closer to rakshas and said to know rakshas vidyas .which are even not known to gods .eg.sanjiwani vidya. 2.SHIVNETRI The Shivnetras are an almost extinct community which originated from Varanasi in Northern India.The SHIVNETRIS were believed to have been heavily guarded by Aghoris of both Ujjain and Varanasi almost akin to a secret society. An inscription in Varanasi gives some account : They were tall and had shoulders like a lion but they engaged in long silence and meditation they living on the banks of Ganga and took her as their mother, respected even by the greatest of rulers, feared by the most violent of fighters.They never saw Mangal (Planet Mars), but knew it was Red, they were the sons of Rudra,and lived to serve him.” A Shivnetra is never allowed to accept any form of offering (money, valuable articles) known as dakshina from anyone for conducting puja, instead recommends multiple non-religious work in its community to have resources in the form of food or money. Shivnetras contribution to astronomy, astrology and mathematics were impeccable, and championed their own ephemeris and equinoxes based on the Vaakya calculation method, which is claimed by Puranas to be guided by the Indian sage Agatsya. 3. AGHORI. The sanscrit term Aghora is the combination among two words and has various meanings: A is a negation; Ghora is the obscurity of the ignorance, but it also means intense, deep; Aghora therefore means Light, absence of obscurity, awareness, Aghori culture too often misunderstood and stigmatized as one dark "sect".It is said that Aghoris drink liqueurs, smoke ganja, eat meat (in some rites also human meat); they use a human skull as a bowl, they wander among the funeral pyres, meditate at night and don't have any sex inhibition. aghoris eat dead human once in life time as part of their ritual and not as habit.some of their rituals involves sitting on corpses.and people are afraid about it so rumours spreads. 4. KAPALIK The Kapalikas ("skull-bearers") most likely originated in South India or the Deccan plateau in the fifth or sixth century C.E. when the corpus of tantric literature was just beginning to develop. The Kapalikas have also been connected to an extremely austere practice known as the Mahavrata or "Great vow." This ritual is essentially a penance that is to be performed for the forgiveness of the murder of a brahmin. Rules for this penance are given in the Visnu-smrti and command the: 1) building and living in a forest hut, 2) bathing three times a day, 3) collecting alms by wandering from village to village in order to beg, 4) sleeping on grass, and 5) carrying the skull of the person who was slain, all for a term of 12 years. its often misinterpret about kapaliks that they are harmful but they are not.some of them practices tantrism but its use vary person to person 5. KALAMUKH The Kalamukhas (from the Sanskrit "Black faced"), perhaps referring to the practice of marking the forehead with a black streak, an indication of renunciation, were most prominent in the Karnataka Unlike the Kapalikas, however, the Kalamukhas established themselves in mathas, monastic organizations centered around a temple. The Kalamukhas practiced a number of yoga-like rituals, stressing the yogic attainments of Patanjali's Yogasutras. which prescribes that one must follow that five yamas or "restraints": non-violence, chastity, truthfulness, non-theft, and rejection of anything more than what is required for bodily subsistence. However, their tantric connection has yet to be proven.
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1 Unique Indian villages Shani Shignapur - village with houses without doors 2. Kodinhi in kerala - 400 twins in this village 3. Shetpal in maharashtra - snakes as family 4. Mattur in karnataka - 100% sanskrit speaking people 5. Rongdoi in Assam - frogs are married to get rainfall 6. Barwaan kala in bihar - village of bachelors. No marriage since last 50 years 7. Kuldhara in rajasthan - haunted village, all abandoned, nobody stays 8. Punsari in gujarat - modern village having all houses with wifi n cctv camera. Also street light with solar power. 9. Hiware bazaar in maharashtra - millionaires village. Richest indian village with zero poor people. Has 60 millionaires. 10. Mawlynnong in meghalaya - asia's cleanest village 11. Jambur in gujarat - african village as all are indian but looks like african
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india was country of kings and queens many are forgotten and lost into ashes very few has marked their name in book of history this video dedicated to to indian queens who fought for their people and kingdom against invaders till death but NEVER GAVE UP THEIR PRIDE
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10 UNDERWORLD DONS YOU WISH TO KNOW ABOUT 1) Pablo Escobar (Colombia, $30 Billion) He was the dark lord of the Colombian drug underworld. After his humble beginnings as a tombstone robber in his teens, Escobar moved into the more profitable world of cocaine dealing. He built up Colombia’s Medellín cocaine cartel as America’s drug obsession took hold in the ‘70s. With a speculated wealth of $30 billion, 2) Amado Carrillo Fuentes (Mexico, $25 Billion) The leader of the Juarez cartel, Fuentes was called “Lord of the Skies” because he used 22 private airliners to import cocaine from Colombia to Mexico. In an attempt to evade the DEA and Mexican authorities by changing his appearance, he decided to undergo plastic surgery but died on the operating table. Not such a glamorous ending for one of Mexico’s most notorious gangsters. 3) Shinobu Tsukasa, a.k.a. Kenichi Shinoda (Japan, Multi-Billions) He is the current ring leader of Yamaguchi-gumi, the largest crime syndicate in Japan’s seedy underbelly of mobsters (called yakuza). With a membership of nearly 30,000 people, the gang that sounds more like a candy company than a killing machine comprises nearly half of Japan’s underworld. While the exact net worth of the crime boss is unknown, the Yakuza crime network brings in “billions of dollars” a year from the typical laundry list of underground ventures like drug and weapons trafficking, prostitution, and money laundering. 4) Roman Abramovich (Russia, $10.2 Billion) As the owner of the U.K.’s Chelsea Football Club, Abramovich is undoubtedly a football fan. He’s also one of Russia’s biggest extortionists. Abramovich is one of many post-Soviet oligarchs who earned his profits in business dealings tainted by underhanded agreements and hushed disputes. His $5.6-billion legal dispute with a former business partner, Boris Berezovsky, uncovered evidence involving illicit activity any mobster would appreciate: protection rackets, contract killings, arms dealings… and a beautiful Russian model for a girlfriend. 5) Semion Mogilevich (Ukraine, $10 Billion) R He’s on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted List and is the supposed leader of the Russian Mafia. Considered the world’s most powerful money launderer, the “Brainy Don” (he holds an economics degree) has quite an investment portfolio. Through financial crimes, money laundering, and securities fraud, his scope also 6) Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar (India, $6.7 Billion) Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar Net Worth In Billions Don’t be fooled by his disarming look: Dawood Ibrahim is one of the world’s most dangerous thugs. He’s an extortionist and gold smuggler in the Mumbai underworld who allegedly organized the Mumbai bomb blasts in 2008. He has also been implicated in terrorist networks, one of which is al-Qaeda. He remains at large, and intelligence officials are still searching for him. 7) Kim Jong-Un (North Korea, $5 Billion) Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong Un Ruler, dictator, “Dear Leader,” gangster — Whatever you call him, Kim Jong-Un’s notoriety should not be taken lightly. He has an estimated $5 billion net worth and a propensity for extravagant things, like parties on private islands and a 200-foot yacht. He doesn’t think twice about throwing his closest kin to the dogs (it was probably just a firing squad), and he’s friends with Dennis Rodman. It’s the makings of one sick joke, worsened by the horrifying reality that he’s also running a country ravaged by poverty and malnourishment. 8) Khun Sa (Myanmar, $5 Billion) He dubbed himself “King of the Golden Triangle,” but U.S. officials preferred to call him the “Prince of Death.” Khun Sa was lord of the heroin drug trade that encompassed Burma (now Myanmar), Laos and Thailand. He controlled an estimated 70 percent of Myanmar’s heroin business in the 1980s, which was enoug Lehder was another founder of the Colombian Medellín Cartel. Using small, low-flying airplanes that could move undetected by radar to drop points in Florida and Georgia, 10) Griselda Blanco (Colombia, $2 Billion) The “Cocaine Queen of Miami” worked under Pablo Escobar’s Medellín Cartel during the ‘70s and ‘80s. Ruthless violence and contract killings earned her the endearing name, the “Black Widow.” She returned to Colombia after serving only 10 years on drug charges. What seemed like a lucky break end
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1.bali was a benevolent Asura King, As the king of the Asuras, his morality and administrative prowess were unmatched. He respected the Gods and was known for being very generous with his subjects. 2.kripacharya He taught the Kauravas and Pandavas for many years, before Dronacharya was appointed for further education by Bhishma. His twin sister Kripi married Drona. Kripa was among the Maharathis who fought on the Kauravas's side against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra war in the Hindu epic of the Mahabharata. He was one of the three survivors remaining from the Kaurava side. 3.vibhishan He was the younger brother of theRakshasa (demon) king Ravana of Lanka. Though a Rakshasa himself, Vibhishana was of a noble character when Rama defeated Ravana, Rama crowned Vibhishana as the king of Lanka. Rama was about to leave Ayodhya at the end of his reign, Lord Rama in his original form of Shri Vishnu ordered Vibhishana to stay on earth and serve the people and guide them to the path of truth and Dharma. 4.vyasa According to the Vishnu Purana, "Veda Vyasa" is a title applied to the compilers of the Vedas who are avatars of Vishnu; 28 people with this title have appeared so far The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to him. He is generally considered the author of the Mahabharata, as well as a character in it. Vyasa is believed to have lived on the banks of Ganga in modern-day Uttarakhand. as its not one person but legacy of title so its considered as immortal 5.jambavan He was created by Brahma, to assist Rama in his struggle againstRavana. Jambavan, together with Parasuram and Hanuman, is considered to be one of the few to have been present for b
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netaji died? survived? A secret letter, dated May 12, 1948, claims that “Subhas Bose married Czech lady” and had a “daughter by name ‘Nima’ by this lady”. The letter also says that she had a manuscript of Subhash Bose’s autobiography that prove that Bose “had not died in the plane crash”. the bose family exchanged letter with nima after bose’s 'death’ . however netaji married to Emilie Schenkl in Austria,and had daughter named anita . subhash chanra bose elected as congress president in 1938-1939 but due to the manoeuvrings of the Gandhi-led clique in the Congress Working Committee, bose forced to resign from presidency for nehru. 3.Bose's family have announced at various times that he is still in hiding and will return to India when the time is right. In February 1966, Suresh Chandra Bose announced in the Press that his brother would return in March. 4. Various inquiry commissions have been set up since independence to know about Bose and confirmations of the rumors prevailing. 1. Figgess Report. 1946 -stated that netaji died in plane crash 2. Shah Nawaz Committee. 1956 -that there was no crash and that netaji lives 3. Khosla Commission. 1970 netaji did not die in crash. 4.Mukherjee Commission 1999-2005 : netaji faked his death ,the report which was rejected by govt . 5.many evidences claimed that netaji was alive in ussr including former president of india dr s radhakrishnan who claimed to meet netaji in russia ,who asked him to make arrangements for his return. mrs.vijaya laxmipandit former ambassador to russia also seen netaji in moscow.which she was about to disclose in constitution house but mr.nehru made her sit by pulling her sari . mr. georgey the son of cpi founder abaci mukharjee said to former ambassador mr.satyanarayan mishra that his father was imprisonned in siberia his cell was adjured to netaji’s cel. 6.in 1995 its was claimed by dr.purobi roy the scholar member of Calcutta asiatic society researching indo-soviet relation in moscow that she found some classified files stamped most secret dated 1946 . in the military archive of paddolosk near moscow ,which mentioned stalin and molotov discussing netaji.whether he will stay in moscow or leave . she also found a kgb report of Bombay 1946 which said ‘’it is not possible to work with nehru or gandhi .we have to use subhash bose. 7.among all these legends gumnami baba or bhagwanji was famous .he died in septmber 1985 in lucknow .what gumnami baba left behind seems to confirm that he was subhashbabu. gold rimmed glasses which he wore all time.military grade german binocular.color photograph of swami vivekanand bengali books .the original copy of summon issue to suresh chandra bose to appear before khosla commission. a map of undivided india. and a album containing family photographs of netaji subhash chandra bose. 8.In 2005, the BBC reported that not only did the Taiwanese government reject the Bose-died-in-a-plane-crash-in-Taipei story, it also denied any plane crashes occurred between August 14 and September 20 that year. 9.it said that netaji attended gandhi ’s funeral in 1948 and neharu’s funeral in 1964 disguised as monk. 10.mr.usman patel ,netaji’s personal bodyguard said that gandhi ,nehru,maulana azad and mohmed ali jina had come into agreement with british judge that they will hand over netaji subhashchandra bose to british govt if he enters in india.he also told that Nehru asked him to prepare a false report about netaji . it was nehru who spied on netaji’s family for 20 years even after his death Nehru asked Nehru asked Jain to type a letter to the then British prime minister Clements Attlee. The letter had the following content Jain to type a letter to the then British prime minister Clements Attlee. The letter had the following content "When the Khosla commission was appointed in 1970, Shyamlal Jain from Meerut gave his statements to the commission. He was asked by Nehru to come to Asif Ali’s residence with the typewriter on 26/ 27 December 1945. He was given a letter to type; with a vague signature at its bottom. It had the following content: “Netaji reached Dairen in Manjuria at 1:30 pm on 23rd August 1945, from Saigon by plane. The plane was a Japanese bomber. He had plenty of gold with him in bars and ornaments. After disembarking, he ate banana and drank tea. He and 4 others, one of them a Japanese officer Shidei; got into a jeep and went towards the Russian border. After about 3 hours, the jeep came back and gave the pilot instruction to fly back to Tokyo.”
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facts you didnt know about ancient indian universities 10.lalitgiri,ODISHA,[MAGADHA KINGDOM] Lalitgiri, one of the earliest Buddhist sites in Orissa, maintained a continuous cultural sequence starting from the post Mauryan period (322–185 BC) till 13th century AD. 9.salban vihar,BANGLADESH, the ancient kingdom of Anga Originally, the monastery was called Bhavadev Bihar after the king, but today the Shalban name comes from a grove of Shal tree. 8.bikrampur vihara The Vihara is one of the 30 monasteries built by Emperor Dharmapala during his regime around 820 A.D., second king of Pala dynasty and related to Atish Dipankar Srigyan, a child prodigy like Gautama Buddha. 7.odantapuri Odantapuri, also called Odantapura or Uddandapura, was a Buddhist vihara in what is now Bihar, India. It was established by King Gopala of the Pala dynasty in the 7th century.6.ratnagiri ,odisha[kalinga] Ratnagiri was once the site of a mahavihara, or major Buddhist monastery, in the Brahmani and Birupa river valley in Jajpur district of Odisha, India. It was part of the Puspagiri University, 5.pushpagiri Pusphagiri, one of the earliest buddhist mahavihara spread across Cuttack and Jajpur district, Odisha (ancient Kalinga) in 3rd century AD, flourished until the 11th century in India. 4.Somapura Mahavihara ,bangladesh among the best known Buddhist viharas in the Indian Subcontinent and is one of the most important archeological sites in the country. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. 3.Vikramaśīla University Vikramaśīla University was one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning in India during the Pala empire, along with Nālandā University. 2.nalanda Nalanda was an acclaimed Mahāvihāra, a large Buddhist monastery in ancient Magadha India. 1.taxila ,pakistan Taxila was considered to be amongst the earliest universities in the world. Taxila meaning "City of Cut Stone”
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10 rare known thing about mastani 10. existence of mastani has many legends all together One of the most well-known is that Mastani was the daughter ofBundela Rajput leader Maharaja Chhatrasal (1649–1731), the founder of Panna State in Bundelkhand province, According to the second view of Chhatrasal, she was the daughter of Nizam of Hyderabad. The Nizam, defeated by Chhatrasal in 1698, was advised by his wife to marry his daughter to Chhatrasal to foster friendly relations with the Bundelas who had become the most dominant power in Central India. the third origin story, Mastani was a dancer in Chhatrasal's Court and after Bajirao Peshwa accepted the friendship during the meeting with Chhatrasal, Bajirao fell in love with Mastani 9. However, the most accepted version is that she was the daughter of Chhatrasal with his Persian-Muslim wife Ruhaani Bai who was a court dancer of the Nizam of Hyderabad. 8. Mastani is often referred to as Bajirao's concubine or mistress. However, she was his lawfully wedded wife. 7 When a Mughalchief from Allahabad, Mohammad Khan Bangash, invaded Chhattrasal’s kingdom during 1727-28, Chhattrasal sent a secret message, seeking help, from Baji Rao I, who happened to be on a military campaign in the vicinity of Bundelkhand. Bajirao came to the rescue of Chhatrasal. In gratitude, Chattrasal gave Bajirao his daughter Mastani, and a third of his kingdom, including Jhansi, Sagar and Kalpi. He gave 33 lakh Gold coins to Bajirao. He also gifted a Diamond mine to Bajirao in marriage to Mastani.
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apj kalam 10 unknown facts 1. Kalam as a scientist in DRDO Kalam joined Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist. His first achievement in his career was designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army, though he remained unconvinced and dissatisfied with the choice of his job at DRDO. 2. Kalam was a part of country’s first nuclear test Kalam without participating in its development, test site preparation and weapon designing was invited by Raja Ramanna to witness the country’s first nuclear test Smiling Buddha as the representative of TBRL. 3. Kalam was criticized for lackadaisical approach towards his Presidential post Kalam was judged for inaction as a President in deciding the fate of 20 out of the 21 mercy petitions. According to the Article 72, of the Constitution of India, the President of India has the power to grant pardon, suspend and remit death sentences and commute the death sentence of convicts on death row. But he didn’t apply those powers on the mercy petitions of the 20 convicts. 4. His harassment at New York airport The most insulting day for every Indians when former President APJ Abdul Kalam was twice subjected to harassment at New York’s JFK Airport by the US security officers. Dr Kalam was forced to take his jacket and shoes off for security checking for explosives. Then the 80-year-old Kalam was in the United States in September to attend a series of events and the incident took place on September 29 at the time of his returning home from New York. After taking his seat in the aircraft, officials of the JFK Airport came inside and asked to check the President once again. Air India authorities along with all the Indians strongly protested the heinous act. 5. Kalam the stalwart Most of us don’t know that Dr. Kalam is an incredible writer and has written many inspirational books. They are-Wings of fire [His autobiography], 2020- A Vision for the New Millennium, Envisioning an Empowered Nation, Ignited Minds, My Journey, Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology, The Luminous Sparks, The Life Tree, Mission India, Children Ask Kalam, Guiding Souls, Indomitable Spirit and Inspiring Thoughts. These books are treasure for every Indians. 6. Pokhran-II tests controversy The controversy that hovered around Kalam’s role as a nuclear scientist is the lack of reliable and factual reporting of the yield of Pokhran-II tests. K. Santhanam, the director of the site test, publicly declared that the thermonuclear bomb was a “fizzle” test, and criticized Kalam for issuing the wrong report. But Kalam dismissed the claims and, a key associate of Pokhran-II, R. Chidambaram also certify these claims as incorrect. 7. Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant issue Kalam was also disparaged by civil groups over his stand on the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant, where he encouraged setting up of the nuclear power plant without discussing the situation with the local people. 8. The Youth Icon In 2003 and in 2006 he was nominated for the MTV Youth Icon of the Year award. 9. Part of an inspirational film I Am Kalam which was released in 2011 is an inspirational Hindi film. Here Kalam is portrayed as an extremely positive influence to a poor but bright Rajasthani boy Chhotu, who renames himself Kalam in honour of his idol. 10. The awards and honors The Government of India has honoured him with the Padma Bhushanin 1981 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Government. APJ Abdul Kalam has received India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, for his immensely precious contribution to the scientific research and modernisation of defences technology in India.
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LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI THE SECOND PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA HE WAS DEAD AFTER SIGNING PEACE TREATY WITH PAKISTAN IN TASHKENT HIS DEATH TILL DATE IS CONTROVERSIAL HE WAS SAID TO HAVE ''HEART ATTACK'' BUT MANY INSIDENCES INDICATING THAT HE WAS ASSASSINATED? IN FOLLOWING VIDEO WE ARE GIVING SOME DETAILS OF MOVEMENT WHEN AND HOW LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI DIED IN TASHKENT WHICH RAISED MANY DOUBTS AND THE MYSTERY IS STILL UNSOLVED
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10 interesting stories about kohinoor diamond 1.kohinoor diamaond has history of 5000 years old, It is widely believed to have come from the Kollur Mine in the Guntur District of present-day Andhra Pradesh, India, during the reign of the Hindu Kakatiya dynasty in the 13th century. which he believed to be acquired from mahlak dev the raja of malwa . 2.in early 14th century khilji dynasty invaded india and started looted southern regions. malik kafur khilji’s general made a successful raid on Warangal in 1310. this was the time when he possibly acquired the diamond. 3.when kohinoor came into possession of mughals since babur established dynasty. it stayed there for 200 years .and shajahan has the stone placed i peacock throne . 4.kohinoor was originally 793 carats i.e.,158.6 grams [an average weight of mobile phone ] .aurangjeb gave diamond to recut to Hortenso Borgia, a Venetian lapidary , because of his unskilled handling he reduced diamond’s weight to just 186 carats [37.2 grams].aurangejb punished him with fine of rupee 10000. 5.Following the 1739 invasion of Delhi by Nader Shah, the Shah of Persia, kohinoor was looted by him and named it KOH-E-NOOR [MOUNTAIN OF LIGHT]
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There are may wars took place there are many battles occurred but some of them were so important which actually sets turning point for History of India 10.battle of hydaspece 9.battle of kalinga 8.Second Battle of Tarain 7.The First Battle of Panipat 6.third battle of panipat 5.battle of plasey 4.battle of phool baug 3.battle of maisoor 2.battle of koregoan 1.Indo-Pakistani War 1947
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TOP 10 HIGHEST PAID HOLLYWOOD ACTORS OF 2014 10. Mark Wahlberg $32 millionWahlberg is still collecting money from 2012's "Ted." The raunchy comedy earned $550 million in theaters on a $50 million budget. This year he showed his more serious side with "Lone Survivor." The $40 million movie brought in a healthy $150 million at the global box office. In addition to his movie work, Wahlberg has a thriving career as a TV producer. His company produced "Entourage" (soon to hit the big screen) and "Boardwalk Empire" on HBO. Now he's backing his "Pain and Gain" costar Dwayne Johnson with the football comedy "Ballers." 9.Will Smith $32 millionStudios still pay Will Smith top dollar to star in their blockbusters because even when he misfires, he still brings in a huge fan base. Smith's latest film, "After Earth," barely registered in the U.S. earning only $60 million. But it did better overseas bringing in $183 million or 75% of its total global box office. Smith's most recent passion project is a new big-screen version of "Annie" starring African-American actors in many of the key roles. He produced the film with Jay-Z. 8.Christian Bale $35 millionBale has successfully moved on from playing Batman. He earned his second Oscar nomination this year for "American Hustle" and up next he's playing Moses in a big-budget version of the Bible tale -- "Exodus" from director Ridley Scott. 7.Ben Affleck $35 millionPoor Ben Affleck. When Warner Bros. announced that the actor would be stepping into Batman's famous shoes, the Internet turned against him heckling the actor as completely unworthy of the role most lately made famous by Christian Bale. But Affleck might have the last laugh. He's collected a huge paycheck for the upcoming movie and could have steady work for years to come as Warner Bros. gives D.C. Comics the Marvel treatment with multiple movies lined up over the next five years. 6.Liam Neeson $36 millionWhen Hollywood needs an actor with a certain set of skills, they turn to Neeson. With "Taken 3" on the horizon, Neeson still makes plenty of money. 5. Chris Hemsworth $37 millionThe actor category is one of the toughest on the Celebrity 100 and despite earning millions, Hemsworth just failed to make the cut. The "Thor" star isn't resting on his Marvel laurels. Look for him in movies like the upcoming "Cyber" about high-level hacking. 4. Leonardo DiCaprio $39 millionIt's hard to imagine now, but "The Wolf of Wall Street" was a risk for DiCaprio. The actor had to agree to cut his upfront fee in order to get the Martin Scorsese film made. Five Oscar nominations (including for Best Actor) and $395 million later, it looks like "Wolf" was yet another good bet for the actor. DiCaprio excels at turning adult movies into box office hits. His other triumph this year was "The Great Gatsby." A surprise hit, "Gatsby" earned $351 million at the global box office. 3. Bradly cooper $46 millionCooper's ability to balance large and small movies lands him on our Celebrity 100 for the first time this year. His work in the lucrative "Hangover" franchise has given him the ability to take risks with smaller films like "Silver Linings Playbook" and "American Hustle." Both movies earned him Oscar nominations (though he has yet to win a gold statue) and plenty of money with their healthy profit margins. Cooper also lent his voice to Rocket Raccoon for the Marvel movie "Guardians of the Galaxy." 2. Dwayne Johnson $52 millionWith ensemble movies like "G.I. Joe" and "Fast and Furious," Johnson has transcended his wrestling days to become a true movie star. Now he's graduated to leading man. With "Hercules" and 2015's earthquake disaster film "San Andreas," The Rock is carrying movies on his sizable shoulders. A smart businessman, he's also branching out into TV. "The Hero" was his first stab at reality TV. Now he's moving up to the big leagues with the HBO comedy "Ballers." Johnson is executive producing and starring in the comedy about a group of football players 1.Robert Downey, Jr. $75 million Marvel has been accused of being stingy when it comes to paying the stars of its blockbuster superhero movies. But the studio (owned by Disney) is plenty generous when it comes to Downey. As Iron Man, he's been the driving force behind four of Marvel's biggest hits, including "The Avengers" which is the third highest-grossing movie of all time. He played hard to get with the upcoming "Avengers: Age of Ultron" and was rewarded with a big pay hike. Most of Downey's money this year comes from the backend of "Iron Man 3" which was the highest-grossing movie of 2013 with $1.2 billion in box office revenue.
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10 RICHEST INDIAN DAUGHTERS 10 RICHEST INDIAN WOMEN They're powerful, smart but most of all they are heiresses to billions! And no, they're not socialites making headlines for drunk driving or going commando. Not only are these driven ladies focused on the family business, but they are involved in social causes too.They're powerful, smart but most of all they are heiresses to billions! And no, they're not socialites making headlines for drunk driving or going commando. Not only are these driven ladies focused on the family business, but they are involved in social causes too.Take a look at the 10 leading billionaire daughters in India today.
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9.The city also saw increased violence against minorities, particularly the Kashmiri Hindus, starting from mid-80s and resulting in their ultimate exodus.Posters were pasted to walls of houses of Pandits, telling them to leave or die, temples were destroyed and houses burnt;but a very small minority of pandits still remains in the city.The recent years have seen protests in Srinagar from local Kashmiri pandits for protection of their shrines in Kashmir and their rights 10.on 19 January 1990 mosques issued declarations that the Kashmiri Pandits were Kafirs and that the males had to leave Kashmir, convert to Islam or be killed. Those who chose to the first of these were told to leave their women behind. The Kashmiri Muslims were instructed to identify Pandit homes so they could be systematically targeted for conversion or killing.
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Photos are not taken, they are made, and only the best of photographers will understand this. Anyone can take a photo, but to catch a photo at the right time to express the right emotion comes down to talent. These photographers have made their photos bring out a bundle of emotion; they have managed to express the brutality this world has managed to lash out on each other. They have captured such moments that one would think, what have we done or are still doing to each other?? Man has been the worst predator, stooped down to the dignity of animals to kill in the face of justice and greed. What these award winning photographers have shown us will certainly prove that.
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10 FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO WERE FAILURES 10.WALT DISNEY he started his own business from his home garage and his very first production went bankrupt. During his first press conference, a newspaper editor ridiculed him because he had no good ideas for film production. 9.MICHAEL JORDAN Before joining the NBA, he was just an ordinary person, so ordinary that he was removed from his high school basketball team because of his “lack of skill”. 8.J K ROWLING At one point in her life,she was nearly penniless, depressed, divorced and had to raise her child on her own. She got fired when working at the London office of Amnesty International because she would write stories on her work computer all day long. 7.OPRAH WINFREY At age of 22, the now-TV mogul was fired from her job as a television reporter because she was "unfit for tv." Seven years later, she moved to Chicago, where her self-titled talk show went on to dominate daytime TV for 25 years, and ultimately head her own channel, 5.ABRAHAM LINCOLN When he was young and entered war, he entered as a Captain but came back as a much lower Private. Later on, he tried to start up a ton of businesses, all of which failed, and before becoming president, he lost several runs for public office LOST HIS RENOMINATION GOT REJECTED FOR LAND OFFICER DEFEATED FOR SENATE DEFEATED FOR NOMINATION FOR VICE-PRESEDENT DEFEATED FOR SENATE FINALLY IN 1860 HE BECAME PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 6.STEVE JOBS he was a college dropout, a fired tech executive and an unsuccessful businessman. After his return to the company he created several iconic products, including the iPod, iPhone and iPad, which have changed the face of consumer technology forever. And he became one of the richest men in the world. 7.STEVEN SPIELBERG he was rejected from the University of Southern California School of Theater, Film and Television three times. He eventually attended school at another location, only to drop out to become a director before finishing. Thirty-five years after starting his degree, he returned to school in 2002 to finally complete his work and earn his BA
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Diamonds are girls best friends. Here is the list of Top 10 Most Expensive Diamonds 10. The Allnatt Diamond : $ 3 Millions This diamond is named after Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt. He was one of the holders of the diamond. The Allnatt diamond has size of 101.29 carat (20.258 g) with a cushion cut. The diamond color is rated as fancy vivid Yellow by the Gemological Institute of America. No one know precisely where the diamond was found. But some expert say that the diamond was found where the De Beers premier diamond mine now located. 9. The Moussaieff Red Diamond : $ 7 Millions The Moussaieff Red Diamond is 5.11 carats (1.022 g) diamond with triangular brilliant cut that rated as Fancy Red in colour by the Gemologial Institute of America (GIA). Although Moussaieff is relatively small compared to other expensive diamond, this is the largest fancy red ever rated by GIA. 8. The Heart of Eternity : $16 Millions The Heart of Eternity is a 27.64 carats (5.528 g) diamond with a color rated as Fancy Vivid Blue by the Gemological Institue of America. This diamond is very rare class of colored diamond. It was cut by the Steinmetz group before sold to De Beers Group. The diamond itself was found in premier diamond mine in South Africa. 7. Wittelsbach Diamond : $ 16.4 Millions most expensive diamond wittelsbach diamond Wittelsbach diamond 6. The Steinmetz Pink : $ 25 Millions most expensive diamond the steinmetz pink diamond The Steinmetz Pink Diamond 5. De Beers Centenary Diamond: $ 100 Millions most expensive diamond debeers centenary diamond De Beers Centenary Diamond 4. The Hope Diamond : $350 Millions The hope diamond is 45.52 carats (9.10 grams) large diamond that now located in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington DC. The diamond looks blue in color to the naked eye because the number of traces of boron in the crystal structure but It shine a red phosphor under ultraviolet light. 3. The Cullinan : $ 400 Millions The Cullinan Diamond is 3,106,75 carats (621.35 grams) diamond and is the largest rough gem quality diamond ever found in the world. After polished it become Cullinan I or Star Africa first and at 530.2 carats (106.0 grams) is the largest diamond in the world until 1985 with the Golden Jubilee of 545.67 carats (109.13 grams) from the same premier Mine. 2. The Sancy Diamond : (Unestimated, Priceless) The Sancy diamond is 55.23 carat (11.05 grams) of pale yellow diamond that once was famous as the belonging of the Great Moguls. It’s believed that the diamond is Indian origin. This is the first large diamonds to be cut with symmetrical facets. The stone is also unusual because it has no pavilion – just a pair of crowns, one on the other. This historical diamond is now kept in the French Crown Jewel collection housed at the Louvre. The Sancy Diamond 1. Koh-I-Noor : (Unestimated, Priceless) Koh-I-Noor means as “Mountain of Light” from Persian. It’s a 105 carat (21.6 grams) diamond that was once the largest known diamond in the world. The Koh-I-Noor was originated at Golconda in the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It was owned by various Sikh, Mughal and Persian rulers that fought each other from time to time. The stone was found to measure 36.00 × 31.90 × 13.04 mm. The gem remains the property of the British crown and is kept in HM Tower of London and it’s a popular tourist attraction.
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Every year, Islamic Republic of Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on 14th August and India on 15th August, so the common myth among people is that firstly, the partition of Hindustan took place and then both the countries got freedom. In fact, everything that happened in 1947 was totally opposite. 1.the hindustan first attained freedom nearly 150 years of British rule and two days after, the partition took place formed two countries . 2.It's a rarely known fact that the person who was behind India's partition had never seen the country. 3.india and pakistan achieved independence on 15th and 14th august respectively, but till Aug 17, there was no announcement on the borders of two countries. 4.The man who set the boundary lines for India and Pakistan was Cyril John Radcliffe, the British lawyer and Law Lord Radcliffe was given the task of drawing the borders for the new nations of Pakistan and India, and its rare fact to know that he never ever saw country the hindustan before. . 5. On Aug 17, 1947, the Radcliffe Line was formally declared as the boundary between India and Pakistan, two days following the Partition of India. 6.india and pakistan equitably divide 4,50,000 km sq of territory with 88 million people. The estimated loss of life during the partition of India is one million. For the Punjab alone, the loss of life is estimated somewhere between 500,000-800,000 and 10 million people were forced to flee for their lives. 7.Lord Radcliffe had no complete information about the geography of India. On the basis of maps, castes and religions, Radcliffe divided the two nations. and Prior to partition, Radcliffe had never been to India. 8.On July 8, 1947, he was told about task he has to accomplish when he reached India. British government gave him only 5 weeks to complete the daunting task. Radcliffe had finalised new maps between Aug 9 to Aug 14, but it was delayed due to some controversy. 9.The two tehsils of Punjab's Gurdaspur were included in Pakistan part, as majority of people were Muslims. In fact, those Ahmadi populations are never considered as Muslims in Pakistan. 10.On the day of partition, people of Bengal's Muslim- dominated districts- Murshidabad and Malda- had put Pakistani flags on their houses, but they later came to know that were part of India. Chittagong, with only 2 percent Muslim population went to Pakistan (now Bangladesh) .
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in 1931 david davenport excavated the site and to found bunch of skeletons which he claimed to have high radiation from those bones.he claimed that mohenjo dark was destroyed due to atomic explosion .44 skeletons found in city ruins among which some where died holding their hands. mortimer wheeler the famous archaeologist ecxavated mohenjo daro sight in 1930’s and found a neckless in granary in a clay pot .instead of submitting it to covet he kept that neckless himself which he gifted to his third wife Margaret Norfolk. he thought neckless is lucky for him.but when margaret live india she gifted this neckless to an indian lady in simla the neckless is still in possession of that lady and it was exhibited in dubai in 2006. one british collector offered 80000 pounds but lady refused to give . 10.“There were nearly 12,000 artifacts from Mohenjodaro in India at the time of Partition,” Partition Council decided to divide all relics from Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro and Taxila in half everything was divided into two four priceless necklaces from the period made of gold, jade and other precious materials that were broken up and the beads divided exactly in half, says Lahiri. The Dancing Girl’s lot fell to India, while the Priest King went back to Pakistan.
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1.Shivraj Singh Shivraj Singh is the son of the erstwhile Maharaja Gaj Singh. Stiking good looks and a passion for polo made him a known face everywhere. The Prince manages the family’s hotel group which is spread all over the city. He got married last year to Gayatri Kumari Pal, belonging to the royal family of Askot. It was one of the grandest weddings that the country had seen in recent times and was the talk of the town for quite a long time. 2.Aarkesh Singh Deo From the Royal House of: Bolangir Aarkesh Singh Deo belongs to Orissa’s Bolangir district which is considered to be the richest in terms of heritage. His grandfather, Maharaja Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo was the first Maharaja who became the Chief Minister of Orissa. This young royal is, however, one with a difference. He pursued modeling as a hobby and was quite successful at it. He even studied acting in New York and dabbled with theatre in Mumbai. 3.Devraj Singh From the Royal House of: Jaipur Devraj Singh, the Raja of Isarda, is one of the only two surviving descendants of the famed Maharani Gayatri Devi. Despite his dashing looks and warm personality, he does not match to his stylish grandmother. For him, simplicity is the key to a happy life. However, he is presently embroiled in a legal battle with his other relative regarding him being the actual claimant of his grandmother’s fortune 4.Kirit Pradyot Deb Barman From the Royal House of: Tripura Considered to be quite an eligible bachelor, Maharaja Pradyut Deb Barman hails from the royal lineage of the Manikya dynasty. His grandfather Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman was one of the last rulers of the princely states to accede their throne to the Union of India. Being the current head of the royal family, Pradyut has brought in a lot of development in his state. He is also the Chairman and Editor of a popular local magazine ‘The Northeast Today’. 5.Jaivardhan Singh From the Royal House of: Raghogarh Jaivardhan Singh was born into the royal principality of Raghogarh belonging to the Rajput clan. The young scion is following his father’s footsteps and beginning an active career in politics. He is being seen as a rival to Jyotiraditya Scindia since Jaivardhan belongs to the Guna district which has always been the stronghold of the Scindias. 6.Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia the Royal House of: Gwalior Jyotiraditya Scindia is a member of the Scindia Maratha clan that ruled Gwalior in the 17th and 18th centuries. His grandfather Jivaji Rao Scindia was the last ruling Maharaja of Gwalior. Jyotiraditya was handed down the King’s turban in 2001 after his father died in a plane crash.
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The early Olympic Games were celebrated as a religious festival from 776 B.C. until 393 A.D., when the games were banned for being a pagan festival (the Olympics celebrated the Greek god Zeus). Host Greece won the most medals (47) at the first Olympic Summer Games in 1896. Please see entire video for more such interesting facts about Olympic
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10 billionaire sons of india 1.akash and anant ambani Akash Mukesh Ambani (born 1991) is an Indian businessman who is the chief of strategy of Jio, an upcoming 4G service provider. He is the elder son of Mukesh Ambani, the chairman and managing director of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) and Nita Ambani, founder of Reliance Foundation. After graduating in Economics from Brown University, in October 2014 he was inducted into the boards of directors of Jio and Reliance Retail. anant ambani He is the youngest son of Indian businesspeople Mukesh Ambani, the team of advisers for the IPLfranchise team Mumbai Indians. In April 2016, a story regarding Ambani's physical transformation was covered across national media after he lost more than 50 pounds of weight. BESIDES HE IS MOST LOVABLE MEMBER OF AMBANI FAMILY 2.aditya mittal born in 1976, is a CFO, responsible for Flat Americas, Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A), Investor Relations, Strategy and Communications of the world's largest steel firm ArcelorMittal, Born in India but grown up in Indonesia, Aditya Mittal attended high school at Jakarta International School. He worked for a short time in the mergers and acquisitions department at investment bank He joined the family business in 1997 and was appointed Head of Mergers and Acquisitions in 1999 In 2008, Aditya and Megha Mittal made a donation of £15m to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, the largest private contribution the hospital had ever received. He has two daughters rishad premaji elder son of Wipro’s chairman Azim Premji is currently working as a Chief Strategy Officer and Head of Investor Relations & Corporate Affairs of Wipro Limited since 2007. Rishad is a BA in Ecomomics from Wesleyan University in the US and has an MBA from Harvard Business school. He owns around 0.03 % Shares Wipro -- India’s leading software and consultancy company.
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conspiracy theory Philadelphia experiment 1.The Philadelphia Experiment is an alleged military experiment that is said to have been carried out by the U.S. Navy at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania some time around October 28, 1943. The U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Eldridge (DE-173) was claimed to have been rendered invisible to enemy devices. 2. The experiment was allegedly based on an aspect of the unified field theory, a term coined by Albert Einstein; the theory aims to describe — mathematically and physically — the interrelated nature of the forces that comprise electromagnetic radiation and gravity, in other words, uniting the fields of electromagnetism and gravity into a single field. 3. According to some accounts, unspecified "researchers" thought that some version of this field would enable using large electrical generators to bend light around an object via refraction, so that the object became completely invisible. The Navy regarded this of military value and, by the same accounts, it sponsored the experiment 4. the USS Eldridge was fitted with the required equipment at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. Testing allegedly began in the summer of 1943, and it was supposedly successful to a limited degree. One test allegedly resulted in the Eldridge being rendered nearly invisible, with some witnesses reporting a "greenish fog" appearing in its place. Crew members supposedly complained of severe nausea afterwards. 5. it is said that when the ship reappeared, some sailors were embedded in the metal structures of the ship, including one sailor who ended up on a deck level below that where he began and had his hand embedded in the steel hull of the ship as well as some sailors who went "completely mad. 6. the experiment was repeated on October 28, 1943. This time, the Eldridge not only became invisible, but she physically vanished from the area in a flash of blue light and teleported to Norfolk, Virginia, over 200 miles (320 km) away. 7. It is claimed that the USS Eldridge sat for some time in full view of men aboard the ship SS Andrew Furuseth, whereupon the USS Eldridge vanished from their sight and then reappeared in Philadelphia at the site it had originally occupied. It was also said that the warship went approximately 10 minutes back in time. 8. In the 1930's Nikola Tesla got involved with a group with was experimenting with moving through the Time/Space continuum. In the early 1930's, the University of Chicago investigated the possibility of invisibility through the use of electricity. In 1939 this project was moved to Princeton's Institute of Advanced Studies - this is not far from Philadelphia. There they were able to make small objects invisible. They presented this technology to the government. The military, because we were at war wanted to pursue it in their direction. Tesla had come to the same conclusion that Einstein did that this technology if developed would not be used for the benefit of mankind. 9. In 1943 the government conducted a test using domestic animals on a ship. The ship that was eventually used for the experiment, the USS Eldridge, was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on August 27,1943 (Department of the Navy). The animals were placed in metal cages on the USS Eldridge. The ship became invisible but when it materialized many of the animals were missing on had radiation and other burn marks on them. Humans were not to be tested. 10. Yet on August 12, 1943 the USS Eldridge with a full crew aboard reportedly underwent the Philadelphia Experiment. The men did not know what was to happen. The generators were fired up. The switches were thrown. The ship disappeared
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TOP 10 billionaire wivies RICHEST WIVIES RICH .Nita Ambani: Born on November 1, 1963, grew up in the suburbs of Mumbai, hails from a middle-class family. Her father was a senior executive in Birla. She has always had a keen interest in Indian classical dance and wanted to pursue a career in dance. She now holds qualifications as a teacher and an interior designer. She is also a commerce graduate from Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics. Mrs. Ambani heads the Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation. She is also part of Reliance Industries and UNAIDS partnership which is aimed towards halting and reversing the HIV epidemic in India. She spearheads Project Drishti, a unique initiative by RIL and NAB, with a vision to give sight to blind people from the underprivileged segment at no cost. Under the project, she started a Hindi fortnightly newspaper in Braille.[1 2.tina ambani Ambani was born into a large Gujarati family in Mumbai. She represented India in 1975 at the Miss Teenage Intercontinental contest in Aruba, and was crowned 2nd runner up there, she also won two sub-awards including Miss Photogenic and Miss Bikini awards. Between 1981 and 1987, Ambani was in a live-in relationship with Rajesh Khanna. When the relationship ended, she decided to move to California to attend college there. In 1992 she married Anil Ambani. She has two sons with him. Today, she is involved in a number of charity, arts, and talent endeavours, including 3.Yasmeen Premji: Born and raised in erstwhile Bombay, graduated from St. Xaviers College before completing her masters degree from Smith College, USA. She worked as assistant editor for the Indian design magazine, Inside Outside, married to azim premji chairman of wipro who is third reaches person in india. 4.Sudha Murthy Sudha Murthy was born in Shiggaon in Karnataka, India on 19 August 1950 Murthy completed a B.E. in Electrical Engineering from the B.V.B. College of Engineering & Technology, standing first in her class and receiving a gold medal from the Chief Minister of Karnataka. also completed M.E. in Computer Science from the Indian Institute of Science, standing first in her class and receiving a gold medal from the Indian Institute of Engineers. Murthy became the first female engineer hired at India's largest auto manufacturer TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO).
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Politics is a serious business, and sometimes it ends in bloodshed. Throughout history, some of the most significant leaders and politicians have paid for their progressive or distinct opinions with their lives. The twentieth century saw many important political figures killed for their efforts, and the world was forever changed in the wake of these events.
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The notorious Bhopal Gas Leak tragedy is said to be one of the worst industrial disasters of the world. This tragic incident took place in the Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, when the deadly methyl iso-cyanate (MIC) leaked in the dead of night due to a faulty valve and affected thousands of people across the city. Thousands of people ran out of Bhopal to escape death, and those that couldn't, in the immediate vicinity of the factory, either died, or were doomed to live the life of invalids. It claimed around 25,000 lives out of which more than 3,500 people died immediately after the incident. The notorious Bhopal Gas Leak tragedy is said to be one of the worst industrial disasters of the world. This tragic incident took place in the Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, when the deadly methyl iso-cyanate (MIC) leaked in the dead of night due to a faulty valve and affected thousands of people across the city. Thousands of people ran out of Bhopal to escape death, and those that couldn't, in the immediate vicinity of the factory, either died, or were doomed to live the life of invalids. It claimed around 25,000 lives out of which more than 3,500 people died immediately after the incident. Lets have a look at what happened that night....
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RAW ,RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS WING.THE INDIAN INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ,ONE OF THE TOP AND MOST SECRET INTEL AGENCY IN THE WORLD. HAS PERFORMED MANY SECRET OPERATIONS WORLDWIDE. EVEN TOP INTEL AGENCIES LIKE CIA ,MOSSAD,MI6 HAS ACCLAIMED RAW'S WORK .
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10 types of space telescopes you don't know 1.Gamma ray Gamma ray astronomy 2.X-ray X-ray telescopes measure high-energy photons called X-rays. These can not travel a long distance through the atmosphere, meaning that they can only be observed high in the atmosphere or in space. 3.Ultraviolet Ultraviolet telescopes make observations at ultraviolet wavelengths, i.e. between approximately 10 and 320 nm. Light at these wavelengths is absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, so observations at these wavelengths must be performed from the upper atmosphere or from space. 4.Visible The oldest form of astronomy, optical or visible-light astronomy extends from approximately 400 to 700 nm. Positioning an optical telescope in space means that the telescope does not see any atmospheric effects (see astronomical seeing), providing higher resolution images. 5.Infrared Infrared light is of lower energy than visible light, hence is emitted by cooler objects. 6. Submillimiter Space-based observations at the submillimetre wavelengths remove the ground-based limitations of atmospheric absorption. The Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS) was launched into low Earth orbit on December 5, 1998 as one of NASA's Small Explorer Program (SMEX) missions. 7.Radio As the atmosphere is transparent for radio waves, radio telescopes in space are of most use for Very Long Baseline Interferometry; doing simultaneous observations of a source with both a satellite and a ground-based telescope and by correlating their signals to simulate a radio telescope the size of the separation between the two telescopes. 8.Particle detection Spacecraft and space-based modules that do particle detection, looking for cosmic rays and electrons. These can be emitted by the sun (Solar Energetic Particles), our galaxy (Galactic cosmic rays) and extragalactic sources (Extragalactic cosmic rays). 9.Gravitational waves A proposed new type of telescope is one that detects gravitational waves; ripples in space-time generated by colliding neutron stars and black holes. 10.Microwave Microwave space telescopes have primarily been used to measure cosmological parameters from the Cosmic Microwave Background. They also measure synchrotron radiation, free-free emission and spinning dust from our Galaxy, as well as extragalactic compact sources and galaxy clusters through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect.
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HERE ARE TOP 7 LIST OF DEADLY VIRUSES WHICH CAN WIPE OUR POPULATION. NO 7.Plague (disease) Plague is a deadly infectious disease that is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis, named after the French-Swiss bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin…. Until June 2007, plague was one of the three epidemic diseases specifically reportable to the World Health Organisation (the other two being cholera and yellow fever) Depending on lung infection, or sanitary conditions, plague can be spread in the air, by direct contact, or by contaminated undercooked food or materials It is treatable if detected early. Plague is still endemic in some parts of the world. NO 6. The influenza World War I claimed an estimated 16 million lives.. WithiThe influenza epidemic that swept the world in 1918 killed an estimated 50 million people. One fifth of the world's population was attacked by this deadly virusn months, it had killed more people than any other illness in recorded history. Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease of birds and mammals caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, the influenza viruses. NO 5.Anthrax Anthrax is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Most forms of the disease are lethal, and it affects both humans and animals. Effective vaccines against anthrax are now available, and some forms of the disease respond well to antibiotic treatment.Until the 20th century, anthrax infections killed hundreds of thousands of animals and people worldwide each year.French scientist Louis Pasteur developed the first effective vaccine for anthrax in 1881 NO 4. SARS The SARS coronavirus, sometimes shortened to SARS-CoV, is the virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). SARS, or Severe acute respiratory syndrome, is the disease caused by SARS coronavirus. It causes an often severe illness marked initially by systemic symptoms of muscle pain, headache, and fever, followed in 2–10 days by the onset of respiratory symptoms, mainly cough, dyspnea, and pneumonia. Another common finding in SARS patients is a decrease in the number of lymphocytes circulating in the blood. NO 3.HIV The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, NO 2.Marburg virus Marburgvirus (/ˈmɑrbərɡ ˈvaɪrəs/ mar-bərg vy-rəs) is a hemorrhagic fever virus first noticed and described during small epidemics in the German cities Marburg and Frankfurt and the Yugoslavian capital Belgrade in the 1960s. Workers were accidentally exposed to tissues of infected grivets (Chlorocebus aethiops) at the city's former main industrial plant, the Behringwerke, then part of Hoechst, and today of CSL Behring. During these outbreaks, 31 people became infected and seven of them died. NO 1.EBOLA VIRUS Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a disease of humans and other primates caused by the Ebola virus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches. Typically nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, some people begin to have bleeding problems. This bleeding may occur within the body or externally. The risk of death among those infected is high.[
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HERE ARE THE FULL LIST OF 10 POPULAR BREAKFASTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD 10.BRAZIL: Expect to find ham, cheeses, and bread, served with coffee and milk. 9.CHINA: Traditional breakfasts vary based on the region, but dim sum, small plates of food prepared in a variety of ways, is popular. 8.ENGLAND: The typical breakfast includes eggs, sausage, bacon, beans, and mushrooms. 7.GERMANY: A typical breakfast includes cold meats, including sausages, local cheeses, and fresh baked bread. 6.INDIA: Idli wada is a traditional breakfast in the southern part of the country. Idli is a cake made with fermented black lentils and rice, and served with chutney and sambar. 5.ITALY: Many Italians begin their day with a cappuccino and hard roll or biscotti. 4.JAPAN: Traditional breakfast includes miso soup, steamed white rice, and Japanese pickles. 3.RUSSIA: Traditional breakfast is sirniki, or baked farmers cheese pancakes, and hot oatmeal. Rye bread is another staple. 2.TURKEY: A traditional breakfast consists of bread, cheese, butter, olives, eggs, tomatoes, cucumbers, jam, honey, and kaymak. It can also include sucuk, a spicy Turkish sausage, and Turkish tea. 1.UNITED STATES: Breakfast foods vary widely from place to place, but typical options include eggs, pancakes, bacon, or cereal. 10.BRAZIL: Expect to find ham, cheeses, and bread, served with coffee and milk. 9.CHINA: Traditional breakfasts vary based on the region, but dim sum, small plates of food prepared in a variety of ways, is popular. 8.ENGLAND: The typical breakfast includes eggs, sausage, bacon, beans, and mushrooms. 7.GERMANY: A typical breakfast includes cold meats, including sausages, local cheeses, and fresh baked bread. 6.INDIA: Idli wada is a traditional breakfast in the southern part of the country. Idli is a cake made with fermented black lentils and rice, and served with chutney and sambar. 5.ITALY: Many Italians begin their day with a cappuccino and hard roll or biscotti. 4.JAPAN: Traditional breakfast includes miso soup, steamed white rice, and Japanese pickles. 3.RUSSIA: Traditional breakfast is sirniki, or baked farmers cheese pancakes, and hot oatmeal. Rye bread is another staple. 2.TURKEY: A traditional breakfast consists of bread, cheese, butter, olives, eggs, tomatoes, cucumbers, jam, honey, and kaymak. It can also include sucuk, a spicy Turkish sausage, and Turkish tea. 1.UNITED STATES: Breakfast foods vary widely from place to place, but typical options include eggs, pancakes, bacon, or cereal.
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DOES MARVAL'S STAN LEE STOLEN ALL CHARACTERS FROM INDIAN MYTHOLOGICAL GODS? people love almost every marvel character and may have created various fan clubs for. but have you thought any time about secret of most of marvel superheros . where they could have inspired from? the answer lies within mythical history of indian vedic culture and manuscripts people love almost every marvel character and may have created various fan clubs for. but have you thought any time about secret of most of marvel superheros . where they could have inspired from? the answer lies within mythical history of indian vedic culture and manuscripts 10 marvel characters inspired from indian mythical gods and characters 1.hulk — hanuman can turnbody in giant shape and gain powers can jump longest distance which appears as is he is flying massiv power roars like thunders 2.thor—— indra both are god of thunder can manipulate weather ,rain. both had superior complexity indra lives in swarm [heaven] thor lives in asguard 3.hawkeye— arjun both never missed their targets has various types of power arrows in their quiver 4.captain america -raam always fight for right cause being always true to himself and others leadership qualitis knows how to handle hulk like ram to hanuman 5.the tribunal —bramha four headed knows everything creates keep balance 6.human torch—— agnidev create and manipulate fire can fly 7.storm —vayu dev full control over weather conditions can create clouds,manipulate air flow 8.thanos— ravan greedy always seeking power wants to be unquestioned ruler super ego 9.nick fury —krishna leads the team of super warriors politically sound know how to handle situation in diplomatic way 10.the one above all -vishnu creator knows everything of everything super god abilities power is unlimited, incalculable and immeasurable. strength is unlimited, cannot be damaged in any way has control over all forms of energy.
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1.rupkund. Roopkund (locally known as Mystery Lake) is a high altitude glacial lake in the Uttarakhand state of India. The area is uninhabited, located in the Himalayas at an altitude of 5,029 metres (16,499 feet) The human skeletons were rediscovered in 1942 by a Nanda Devi game reserve ranger H K Madhwal, which date back to 9th century CE. Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology at Hyderabad conducted DNA tests resulting 70%of skeletons showing iranian origin and 30% local. according to local legend king of Kanauj, Raja Jasdhaval, with his pregnant wife, Rani Balampa, their servants, a dance troupe and others went on a pilgrimage to Nanda Devi shrine, and the group faced a storm with large hailstones, from which the entire party perished near Roopkund lake. 2.loktak manipur Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in North -East India is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) floating over it. The largest single mass of phumdi is in the southeastern part of the lake, covering an area of 40 km2 (15.4 sq mi) bout 4,000 people live in these floating huts, earning their living as fishermen. 3.jatinga asam sept,oct Jatingaa village on a ridge, is located in Dima Hasao District, Assam State in India. It is most famous for the phenomenon of birds "committing suicide”. After monsoon season, usually in September and October and only occurring on moonless nights, 44 species of bird in Jatinga suddenly become disturbed and disoriented, the birds plunge toward the torches and lights of the cities. However, the term suicide is a misnomer for a couple of reasons. theory suggests that the weather of the region leads to "changes in the magnetic qualities of the underground water" causing the birds disoriented state.
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HERE IS THE LIST OF TOP 10 BILLIONAIRES OF THE WORLD OF 2014 10.Alice Walton is one of the heirs of the Wal-Mart fortune, founded by her father Sam back in 1962. With her billions, Alice has long focused on curating art, culminating in the opening of the Crystal Bridges Art Museum in her hometown of Bentonville, Ark., in 2011. 9.Jim Walton is the largest individual shareholder of retail giant Wal-Mart, with a stake exceeding $31 billion. The youngest son of the superstore's legendary founder Sam Walton still sits on the board for the company, which now generates $476 billion in sales with more than 11,000 stores worldwide. 8.Christy Walton is the wealthiest woman not only in the U.S., but also in the world. Christy married into what is now the richest family in the world (worth more than $150 billion) and inherited her wealth when husband John Walton, a former Green Beret and Vietnam war medic, died in an airplane crash in 2005. 7.David Hamilton Koch is an American businessman, philanthropist, political activist, and chemical engineer. He joined the family business Koch Industries, that is the second largest privately held company in the United States, in 1970. He became president of the subsidiary Koch Engineering in 1979, and became a co-owner of Koch Industries. He is now an executive vice president. 6.Charles Koch is an American businessman. He is co-owner, chairman of the board, and chief executive officer of Koch Industries. Charles own 42% of the conglomerate. The brothers inherited the business from their father, Fred C. Koch, then expanded the business. 5.After having built databases for the CIA, Ellison founded Oracle in 1977. He is Chief Technology Officer. An adrenaline junkie, he was arguably the first Silicon Valley hotshot to live large. In recent years, he's been buying up properties on the Hawaiian island of Lanai, which he bought for a reported $300 million in 2012. He is said to own every hotel room on the island. 4.A railway worker's son, he started as a gofer in a shirt store. With then-wife Rosalia Mera, he started making dressing gowns and lingerie in their living room. Though he stepped down as chairman of Inditex (best known for its Zara brand) in 2011, he still owns nearly 60% of its shares. World's richest retailer Ortega added $7 billion to his fortune this past year 3.At the age of 84 Warren Buffett is still at the top of his game.The second-richest American's net worth continues to surge, despite his giving away billions,.In August company's shareis the most expensive of any public U.S. company, eclipsed $200,000 per share for the first time, lifting Buffett's net worth by billions over the past year. Berkshire Hathaway is the fifth-most- valuable public company in the U.S., with a market cap of nearly $350 billion. 2.If you're making a phone call nearly anywhere in Latin America, chances are good that you're using a network controlled by Mexico's Carlos Slim, the world's second richest man. In the U.S., he owns minority stakes in Saks Fifth Avenue and The New York Times. One of the world's leading philanthropists, he has partnered with the Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation as well as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. 1.World's richest man, Bill Gates is using his billions to effect major social change around the globe. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given away $30 billion since 2000 In September the Gates Foundation pledged $50 million to fight Ebola in West Africa; Bill Gates then announced in early November that his foundation would spend $500 million to fight malaria
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10 WORST EARTHQUAKES IN WORLD HISTORY 1: Shensi, China, Jan. 23, 1556 Magnitude about 8, about 830,000 deaths. 2: Tangshan, China, July 27, 1976 Magnitude 7.5. Official casualty figure is 255,000 deaths. Estimated death toll as high as 655,000. 3: Aleppo, Syria, Aug. 9, 1138 Magnitude not known, about 230,000 deaths. 4: Sumatra, Indonesia, Dec. 26, 2004 Magnitude 9.1, 227,898 deaths. 5: Haiti, Jan 12, 2010 Magnitude 7.0. According to official estimates, 222,570 people killed. 6: Damghan, Iran, Dec. 22, 856 Magnitude not known, about 200,000 deaths. 6: Damghan, Iran, Dec. 22, 856 Magnitude not known, about 200,000 deaths. 6: Damghan, Iran, Dec. 22, 856 Magnitude not known, about 200,000 deaths. 7: Haiyuan, Ningxia , China, Dec. 16, 1920 7.8 magnitude, about 200,000 deaths. 8: Ardabil, Iran, March. 23, 893 Magnitude not known, about 150,000 deaths 9: Kanto, Japan, Sept. 1, 1923 7.9 magnitude, 142,800 deaths. 10: Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Oct. 5, 1948 7.3 magnitude, 110,000 deaths.
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WATCH INTERESTING FACTS AABOUT BREAKFAST 1.according archaeological evidences from neolithic sites,concept of breakfast emerges since 7000bc .Neolithic peoples used stone querns to grind the hulled grains, then boiled them to make a kind of porridge 2.in Ancient Egypt [3000 bc] farmers and peasants ate a daily meal[breakfast], most likely in the morning, consisting of BEER, BREADS, and ONIONS before they left for work in the fields or work. 3.in the European Middle Ages[500 ad to 1500 ad], breakfast was not usually considered a necessary and important meal, and was practically nonexistent during the earlier medieval period. 4.in 13th hundred century anyone eating breakfast was considered as greedy,sinful and boorish according to catholic church. 5.in medieval age in europe breakfast was only granted to children,elders,sick and labour.anyone else who ate breakfast considered to be low class and poor cause those times only farmers and workers used to have. 6.noble travellers,traders were permitted to have breakfast only if the are travelling far from home. 7.when king of england was on religious pilgrimage the ban on breakfast completely lifted. 8.by 16th century spending on breakfast becomes status symbol and used to get recorded for the same .and it becomes customary. 9.caffeinated beverage introduced in 16 century as part of breakfast .but the reason for it was believed that coffee and tea aid the body in “evacuation of superfluities,” and was consumed in the morning. 10.In the early sixteenth century, some physicians warned against eating breakfast, because they said it was not healthy to eat before a prior meal was digested.But By the 1550s, there were multiple sources claimed that breakfast was actually an essential, and necessary meal.
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Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan Warren Buffett and Astrid Menks Larry Page and Lucinda Southworth Bill and Melinda Gates Jeff and MacKenzie Bezos Richard and Joan Branson Amancio Ortega and Flora Pérez Marcote Stefan and Carolyn Persson Bernard Arnault and Hélène Mercier Michael and Susan Dell
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The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)It is India's first interplanetary mission and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency.It is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit, and the first nation in the world to do so in its first attempt. The Mars Orbiter Mission probe lifted-off from the First Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25 at 09:08 UTC on 5 November 2013.The launch window was approximately 20 days long and started on 28 October 2013.The MOM probe spent about a month in Earth orbit, where it made a series of seven apogee-raising orbital manoeuvres before trans-Mars injection on 30 November 2013 (UTC).After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was successfully inserted into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014. The mission is a "technology demonstrator" project to develop the technologies for designing, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission. It carries five instruments that will help advance knowledge about Mars to achieve its secondary, scientific objective. The spacecraft is currently being monitored from the Spacecraft Control Centre at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bangalore with support from Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) antennae at Byalalu.
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