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How to Argue - Philosophical Reasoning: Crash Course Philosophy #2
 
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Before we dive into the big questions of philosophy, you need to know how to argue properly. We’ll start with an overview of philosophical reasoning and breakdown of how deductive arguments work (and sometimes don’t work). -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 2320560 CrashCourse
6.04 Reconstructing Arguments (Principle of Charity)
 
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Rich Legum's Modern Philosophy Course 6.04 Reconstructing Arguments Priciple of Charity)
Views: 1750 Richard Legum
How to use rhetoric to get what you want - Camille A. Langston
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-to-use-rhetoric-to-get-what-you-want-camille-a-langston How do you get what you want, using just your words? Aristotle set out to answer exactly that question over two thousand years ago with a treatise on rhetoric. Camille A. Langston describes the fundamentals of deliberative rhetoric and shares some tips for appealing to an audience’s ethos, logos, and pathos in your next speech. Lesson by Camille A. Langston, animation by TOGETHER.
Views: 1434421 TED-Ed
5 Steps To Win Any Argument
 
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5 Steps To Win Any Argument Join our online training course Charisma University: https://www.charismaoncommand.com/c-university/ In this video I’m going to tell you how to win any argument. And I have years of training as a logician as a philosopher here, I can mangle people in debates and we are not going to use ANY of that here. I wasted so much time and damaged relationships with the "right” logical correct argument that SHOULD win. And I can make a video on that if you want, but the truth it would be next to useless when it comes to getting what you truly want. Because we are dealing with people. And throwing the right facts at people without catering to the psychology required to open them up, is destructive to your relationship and to getting what you want. Plus it destroys your ability to be compassionate and truly see things from someone else’s point of view. 0:54 How to win any argument is to edefine what winning means 1:54 How to win any argument is to know what they want 2:47 Empathizing via statements can help build social skills and mindsets 4:01 Aim for self improvement and recognize their positive intent 5:21 Build your confidence and make your case Subscribe to Charisma On Command’s YouTube Account: http://bit.ly/COC-Subscribe Connect With Us Further: Website: http://www.charismaoncommand.com Facebook: http://facebook.com/charismaoncommand Periscope: https://www.periscope.tv/charismaon Or if you want to see my personal stuff (my regular life + me playing music): Instagram: @CharlieHoupert Periscope: @CharlieHoupert
Views: 403644 Charisma on Command
Aquinas & the Cosmological Arguments: Crash Course Philosophy #10
 
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Our unit on the philosophy of religion and the existence of god continues with Thomas Aquinas. Today, we consider his first four arguments: the cosmological arguments. -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Help PBSDS win a Webby Award by voting here: https://pv.webbyawards.com/2016/online-film-video/video-channels-and-networks/science-education Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1300089 CrashCourse
Refuting Weak Anthropic Principle Arguments
 
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To help support this ministry click here: http://www.patreon.com/inspiringphilosophy Many Skeptics insist the Weak Anthropic Principle refuting the Teleological Argument. However, it really doesn't and this video explains why. Our first video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Yt7hvgFuNg Further problems with the Multiverse Theory: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTotCr4FJLI&feature=youtu.be The Finely-Tuned Multiverse: http://sententias.org/2013/01/19/do-multiverse-scenarios-solve-the-problem-of-fine-tuning/ http://arxiv.org/pdf/0801.0246.pdf Advanced Study of Fine Tuning: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1112.4647v2.pdf http://home.messiah.edu/%7Ercollins/Fine-tuning/FT.HTM *If you are caught excessively commenting, insulting, or derailing then your comments will be removed. If you do not like it you can watch this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mn0Hq-... "Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use."
Views: 26484 InspiringPhilosophy
How To Get Respect Without Being A Bully - Jordan Peterson
 
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Discover The 4 Emotions You Need To Make a Killer First Impression: http://bit.ly/2mHvxck Subscribe to Charisma On Command’s YouTube Account: http://bit.ly/COC-Subscribe How To Get Respect Without Being A Bully - Jordan Peterson https://goo.gl/DLouoh Jordan Peterson recently expertly handled a debate during an interview with BBC's Channel 4 news (The video was called: Jordan Peterson debate on the gender pay gap, campus protests and postmodernism). And JBP did it without being a bull or being aggressive. So how do we get respect without being a bully? Well, we often think that getting respect and being aggressive go hand in hand. Because unfortunately, it’s often the bully that gets the most respect in the schoolyard and even in the workplace. But Jordan Peterson is an exemplar of a different way to generate massive amount of respect. So in this video we’re going to explore 3 main things he does that force people to respect you WITHOUT being a bully. Now, we focused a lot on respect in this video but that's actually just one out of four emotions that are going to create an amazing first impression on anyone cross-culturally. Now, if you're curious with the other three emotions that you want to create in that person are to make an amazing first impression, I made a video on that that breaks down what those four emotions are so that you can start using them today to consistently make killer first impressions. 0:30 Jordan Peterson calls it "pacing your reality" 4:50 Jordan Peterson tells stories effectively 6:54 Jordan Peterson uses archetypal stories Connect With Us Further: Website: http://www.charismaoncommand.com Facebook: http://facebook.com/charismaoncommand Instagram: @CharismaOnCommand Or if you want to see our personal stuff (regular life + playing music): Instagram: @CharlieHoupert Instagram: @IamBenAltman
Views: 2701176 Charisma on Command
PHILOSOPHY - David Hume
 
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David Hume is one of Scotland’s greatest philosophers (Adam Smith is another, about whom we also have a film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ejJRhn53X2M). His claim to greatness lies in his appreciation of ordinary experience, his descriptions of consciousness and his humane, tolerant approach to religious disputes. If you like our films, take a look at our shop (we ship worldwide): https://goo.gl/qjLLWt FURTHER READING “The 18th-century writer David Hume is one of the world’s great philosophical voices because he hit upon a key fact about human nature: that we are more influenced by our feelings than by reason. This is, at one level, possibly a great insult to our self-image, but Hume thought that if we could learn to deal well with this surprising fact, we could be (both individually and collectively) a great deal calmer and happier than if we denied it...” You can read more on this and other topics on our blog TheBookofLife.org at this link: https://goo.gl/SuwPBi MORE SCHOOL OF LIFE Our website has classes, articles and products to help you think and grow: https://goo.gl/QcBQYY Watch more films on PHILOSOPHY + CURRICULUM in our playlist: http://bit.ly/TSOLphilosophy Do you speak a different language to English? Did you know you can submit Subtitles on all of our videos on YouTube? For instructions how to do this click here: https://goo.gl/M1Ca4J SOCIAL MEDIA Feel free to follow us at the links below: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/theschooloflifelondon/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheSchoolOfLife Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theschooloflifelondon/ CREDITS Produced in collaboration with: Mad Adam https://madadamfilms.co.uk/ #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 823731 The School of Life
PHILOSOPHY - René Descartes
 
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Rene Descartes is perhaps the world’s best known-philosopher, in large part because of his pithy statement, ‘I think therefore I am.’ He stands out as an example of what intellectual self-confidence can bring us. Please subscribe here: http://tinyurl.com/o28mut7 If you like our films take a look at our shop (we ship worldwide): http://www.theschooloflife.com/shop/all/ Brought to you by http://www.theschooloflife.com Produced in collaboration with Mad Adam Films http://www.madadamfilms.co.uk #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 1455003 The School of Life
6.05 Reconstructing Arguments (Principle of Faithfulness)
 
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Rich Legum's Modern Philosophy Course 6.05 Reconstructing Arguments (Principle of Faithfulness)
Views: 740 Richard Legum
What Is Justice?: Crash Course Philosophy #40
 
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In today’s episode, Hank asks you to consider all the ways people talk about justice and what we really mean when we use that word. We’ll explain various theories of justice, just distribution, and different approaches to punishment. Want more Crash Course in person? We'll be at NerdCon: Nerdfighteria in Boston on February 25th and 26th! For more information, go to http://www.nerdconnerdfighteria.com/ Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- All other images and video either public domain or via VideoBlocks, or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons BY 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 701594 CrashCourse
Appendix 2:  Diagramming Arguments
 
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In this video, Professor Thorsby gives a brief overview of how to diagram extended arguments.
Views: 11044 Mark Thorsby
1. Hume's Central Principles: Historical Background, and His 'Chief Argument'
 
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First lecture on David Hume's Central Principles; focusing on the historical background and Hume's Chief Argument. University of Oxford Podcasts http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/series/humes-central-principles Hume's Treatise and his Enquiry Courtesy of the University of Adelaide Library Electronic Texts Collection http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/hume/david/h92t/contents.html http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/h/hume/david/h92e/contents.html
Views: 23988 German Lourenço Mejia
Limiting Arguments and Derivatives by First Principles
 
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Connecting limiting arguments to derivatives by first principles (Recorded with http://screencast-o-matic.com)
Views: 88 lmurgatroydSAS
GEN120 - Universal Grammar - Part I
 
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What is Universal Grammar and what are the central linguistic arguments underlying this influential model of linguistic thought? Prof. Handke seeks to answer these questions using linguistic and non-linguistic examples, but he also discusses the main problems that the current version of UG has to face.
7th TRAP! (Training on Rebuttals, Arguments, and Principles)
 
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English Debating Society Universitas Indonesia is going to hold its 7th TRAP! (Training in Rebuttals, Arguments, and Principles). TRAP is an event comprised of a seminar and workshop on parliamentary debate. In the seminar, the speakers will talk about issues within their field of expertise. The sessions are going to give you a chance to be coached by the EDS UI role models. For you who would like to start your journey in debating and to train yourself in rebutalls, arguments, and principles, join us in TRAP! Date: Saturday, May 5th, 2018 Venue: Depok Here are some information in regards to the registration: Third Phase/On-the-spot Ticket: Rp165.000 The registration fee includes lunch and e-certificates for participants. Register yourself on bit.ly/7thTRAP For further details, add our Official LINE account: @yiu7536f Sharpen your skills with us! See you in TRAP!
PHILOSOPHY - Ethics: Utilitarianism, Part 1 [HD]
 
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In this Wireless Philosophy video, Julia Markovits (Cornell University) gives an introduction to the moral theory of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the view that the right moral action is the one that maximizes happiness for all. This is the first video in a three part series. Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uGDk23Q0S9E Part 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MoCuVa9UeR4 Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/Fjql/
Views: 497620 Wireless Philosophy
Arguments on First Principles
 
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Talking about argumentation at the level of first principles.
Complex Number - How to Find Arguments
 
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This video describes how to find arguments of complex numbers. Principles of finding arguments for complex numbers in first, second, third and fourth quadrants.
The argument free marriage | Fawn Weaver | TEDxPortland
 
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Love is the nucleus of our lives and we can never count on tomorrow. So how do we make every day matter with our loved ones? Fawn explores three principles that make the idea of an argument free marriage possible. Fawn Weaver is the bestselling author of Happy Wives Club, CEO of ValRentco and volunteers her time and talent to helping several human rights organizations. Her site, happywivesclub.com – spontaneously launched while she was working as a hotel general manager – has garnered international acclaim. Fawn serves as an Executive Board Member for MEND Poverty (mendpoverty.org) and Slavery No More (slaverynomore.org), an anti- human trafficking organization, and is a supporter of the International Justice Mission (ijm.org). This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 325615 TEDx Talks
Mill "On Liberty" - Freedom & Empire | Philosophy Tube
 
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John Stuart Mill’s “On Liberty” is huge in politics and criminal law: but what are the limits of freedom? And how does the history of the British Empire in India come into it? More like this: http://tinyurl.com/nljmqsu Subscribe! http://tinyurl.com/pr99a46 Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/PhilosophyTube Audible: http://www.audibletrial.com/Philosoph... FAQ: https://www.facebook.com/PhilosophyTu... Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/PhilosophyTu... Twitter: @PhilosophyTube Email: [email protected] Google+: google.com/+thephilosophytube realphilosophytube.tumblr.com Recommended Reading: Mill, "On Liberty" Mill, “A Few Words on Non-Intervention” Mark Tunick, “Tolerant Imperialism,” in The Review of Politics Bart Schultz, “Mill and Sidgwick, Imperialism and Racism” David Goldberg, “Liberalism’s Limits,” in Nineteenth Century Contexts Falguni Sheth, Toward a Political Philosophy of Race Patrons! Jesse Austin D.J. MacIsaac Lydia & Nate Thorn Alan Falloon Jeffrey Glenn Murphy Emiliano Heyns Horatio Cordero José Maria Ruiz Kasey Alan Browning Emil Jakobsen Monty Evans Michal Parusinski Charles Doyle Dominik Eran Mekhmandarov Ian George Walker Alec Chvirko Michael Davin Johannes Corey Mohler Lennart Krause Po Do Do Christian Mertes John Gietzen Alistair Gilmour Tom Saleeba Adam Elijah Klay Leo Zach Strangely Brown Jana Branch Lonnie Callies Michael Kasparian Adrian Ommundsen Eric Driussi Troy R Steve Usher TheLitCritGuy NerdSync Productions André Rodrigues Jason Cherry Lucas Boulding Juho Laitalainen Rich Clarke Sophia Sun Matthew Joshua Malek Badareen And all those who chose to donate anonymously! If you or your organisation would like to financially support Philosophy Tube in distributing philosophical knowledge to those who might not otherwise have access to it in exchange for credits on the show, please get in touch! Music: 'Chiptune Anthem 1,' ‘Epic Chiptune Thunderdome,’ ‘My Little Medley,’ 'Get What You Need (Sans Vocals),’ 'Digital Leapfrog,' and ‘The Day I Die – Remastered’ by TechnoAxe - http://tinyurl.com/kkrsfgg Title Animation by Amitai Angor AA VFX - https://www.youtube.com/dvdangor2011 Any copyrighted material should fall under fair use for educational purposes or commentary, but if you are a copyright holder and believe your material has been used unfairly please get in touch with us and we will be happy to discuss it.
Views: 161620 Philosophy Tube
10: QoL arguments
 
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Bioethical Principle: Nonmaleficence Presentation
Views: 5 Kaitlyn O'Brien
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
 
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How do you get a society that provides basic decent services to all citizens? Political theorist John Rawls had a good idea, and it was called 'the veil of ignorance.' SUBSCRIBE to our channel for new films every week: http://tinyurl.com/o28mut7 If you like our films take a look at our shop (we ship worldwide): http://www.theschooloflife.com/shop/all/ Brought to you by http://www.theschooloflife.com Produced in collaboration with Mike Booth http://www.YouTube.com/SomeGreyBloke #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 830381 The School of Life
How to evaluate logical arguments
 
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This video reviews the 2 steps to evaluate arguments. I then explain how the vocabulary of logic is derived from this two step evaluation (e.g. valid, invalid, sound, unsound, cogent, uncogent, strong, weak, ).
Views: 20263 teachphilosophy
Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
 
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Our next stop in our tour of the ethical lay of the land is utilitarianism. With a little help from Batman, Hank explains the principle of utility, and the difference between act and rule utilitarianism. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1778331 CrashCourse
Compatibilism: Crash Course Philosophy #25
 
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As we continue explore free will, today Hank considers a middle ground between hard determinism and libertarian free will: compatibilism. This view seeks to find ways that our internally motivated actions can be understood as free in a deterministic world. We’ll also cover Frankfurt Cases and Patricia Churchland’s rejection of the free-or-not-free dichotomy and her focus on the amount of control we have over our actions. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug from DFTBA: http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-philosophy-mug The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 824486 CrashCourse
Locke, Berkeley, & Empiricism: Crash Course Philosophy #6
 
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This week we answer skeptics like Descartes with empiricism. Hank explains John Locke’s primary and secondary qualities and why George Berkeley doesn’t think that distinction works -- leaving us with literally nothing but our minds, ideas, and perceptions. -- PBS Digital Studios wants to get to know you better! If you have 10 minutes, we'd really appreciate it AND you'll be entered for a chance to win a t-shirt! https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/pbsds2016 -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1359149 CrashCourse
Cartesian Skepticism - Neo, Meet Rene: Crash Course Philosophy #5
 
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This week Hank introduces skepticism, exploring everything from the nature of reality through the eyes of a 17th century philosopher and, of course, The Matrix. -- PBS Digital Studios wants to get to know you better! If you have 10 minutes, we'd really appreciate it AND you'll be entered for a chance to win a t-shirt! https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/pbsds2016 -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ "The Matrix" stills copyright 1999 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. “Crowd with Violin Playing” by Freesound user alukahn: http://freesound.org/people/alukahn/sounds/144139/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1404594 CrashCourse
Understanding the Arguments for Universal Health Care (OCON 2015)
 
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Universal health care, a system in which the government guarantees each citizen a certain level of medical care, is considered by many an ideal. In countries that have it, medicine is said to be cheaper, of better quality and available to everyone. This talk by Ayn Rand Institute analyst Rituparna Basu explains the alleged ideal of universal health care and then challenges it. This talk was recorded on July 8, 2015, at the Objectivist Summer Conference 2015 in Charlotte, North Carolina. --- Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCM6z9wqPxdRHjAC_Pjdp5yQ ARI offers educational experiences, based on Ayn Rand's books and ideas, to a variety of audiences, including students, educators, policymakers and lifelong learners. ARI also engages in research and advocacy efforts, applying Rand's ideas to current issues and seeking to promote her philosophical principles of reason, rational self-interest and laissez-faire capitalism. We invite you to explore how Ayn Rand viewed the world — and to consider the distinctive insights offered by ARI's experts today. Subscribe to ARI YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCM6z9wqPxdRHjAC_Pjdp5yQ Explore ARI: http://www.AynRand.org Follow ARI on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AynRandInst Like ARI on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AynRandInstitute/ --- Image credits: 3:28 Blur Life 1975 via Shutterstock.com 6:50, 45:20 Veronique de Rugy, Mercatus Center, George Mason University 18:07 Niyazz via Shutterstock.com 21:26 Peshkova via Shutterstock.com 25:38 Dalibor Zivotic via Shutterstock.com (green ball) 25:38 charnsitr via Shutterstock.com (Union Jack) 29:20 Paul Stringer via Shutterstock.com 40:49 Alena Ozerova via Shutterstock.com 45:20 pio3 via Shutterstock.com
Views: 12385 Ayn Rand Institute
Rawls vs Nozick
 
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Ronald Dworkin gives a very brief, introductory overview of John Rawls' "A Theory of Justice" and Robert Nozick's "Anarchy, State, and Utopia" in an interview with Bryan Magee from 1978. Although both wrote very influential works of political philosophy, they came to quite different conclusions. Rawls famously put forward a novel argument for his position which made use of a thought experiment involving a hypothetical contract. Unlike other social contract theories though, Rawls added the further twist that the bargainers must be ignorant about certain facts about themselves which could bias them in their own favor (e.g. their race, gender, class, age, talents, etc.). In this way, ignorance is used as a device to guarantee impartiality in deciding how societies should be structured. After all, one cannot rig things up to benefit oneself if one doesn't know what one's interests are and what one's position in society will be. Rawls argued that people behind this so-called "veil of ignorance" would agree to two principles, the most interesting being the difference principle, which states that economic inequalities are justified only if they benefit the worst off in society. Such a view was rejected by Nozick however, who argued from a starting point of absolute rights of property which cannot be violated without one's consent. Despite such a strong principle, Nozick argued that there can still be a state, a so-called "night-watchman" or minimal state, which protects property and person. In this way, Nozick can be understood as privileging liberty over equality, whereas Rawls privileges that of equality and fairness. (My Summary) For a more detailed explanation of Rawls, check out: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwVqDBB9PwM&
Views: 50271 Philosophy Overdose
How to Argue - Induction & Abduction: Crash Course Philosophy #3
 
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We continue our look at philosophical reasoning by introducing two more types: induction and abduction. Hank explains their strengths and weaknesses, as well as counterarguments and the Socratic method. -- Images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1575109 CrashCourse
Bioethics Pt.2: Moral Principles in Bioethics
 
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In this lecture I present five moral principles which are commonly used in thinking about moral issues in bioethics. This introduction is intended to give students the basic tools to analyze common arguments in the field which appeal to these principles. All videos in this bioethics series are meant to be watched in tandem with course readings and other information. However, if you have found this video and are not part of my course, I hope you enjoy and it helps you learn something. Feel free to comment any questions you may have!
Views: 115 James Hall
Aristotle & Virtue Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #38
 
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This week we explore final ethical theory in this unit: Aristotle’s virtue theory. Hank explains the Golden Mean, and how it exists as the midpoint between vices of excess and deficiency. We’ll also discuss moral exemplars, and introduce the concept of “eudaimonia.” Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1140498 CrashCourse
Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35
 
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Our next stop on our tour of ethics is Kant’s ethics. Today Hank explains hypothetical and categorical imperatives, the universalizability principle, autonomy, and what it means to treat people as ends-in-themselves, rather than as mere means. Get your own Crash Course Philosophy mug or Chom Chom shirt from DFTBA: https://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse The Latest from PBS Digital Studios: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL1mtdjDVOoOqJzeaJAV15Tq0tZ1vKj7ZV -- All other images and video either public domain or via VideoBlocks, or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons BY 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1282433 CrashCourse
2017/06/15: 12 principles for a 21st century conservatism
 
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Conservatism has all-too-often found itself unable to articulate a coherent positive doctrine. By this I mean specifically that the laudable conservative tendency to preserve the best of past has too-often manifested itself in a series of "thou shalt not" statements, instead of laying out a manifesto of fundamental values that might serve to unite people around a set of common ambitions. I am attempting to rectify this problem with this statement of principles, some of which I believe might have the additional virtue of being attractive to young people, looking for mature and forthright purpose and responsibility. I am not making the claim that the statement is perfect, comprehensive or final. Background to the talk: I spoke at Carleton Place, a town in Lanark County, Thursday, June 15/17. I was invited by Randy Hillier, who is a Member of Provincial Parliament for Ontario (randyhilliermpp.com). You can find out more about him here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randy_Hillier_(politician) Tenets of a viable 21st century conservatism 1. The fundamental assumptions of Western civilization are valid. 2. Peaceful social being is preferable to isolation and to war. In consequence, it justly and rightly demands some sacrifice of individual impulse and idiosyncrasy. 3. Hierarchies of competence are desirable and should be promoted. 4. Borders are reasonable. Likewise, limits on immigration are reasonable. Furthermore, it should not be assumed that citizens of societies that have not evolved functional individual-rights predicated polities will hold values in keeping with such polities. 5. People should be paid so that they are able and willing to perform socially useful and desirable duties. 6. Citizens have the inalienable right to benefit from the result of their own honest labor. 7. It is more noble to teach young people about responsibilities than about rights. 8. It is better to do what everyone has always done, unless you have some extraordinarily valid reason to do otherwise. 9. Radical change should be viewed with suspicion, particularly in a time of radical change. 10. The government, local and distal, should leave people to their own devices as much as possible. 11. Intact heterosexual two-parent families constitute the necessary bedrock for a stable polity. 12. We should judge our political system in comparison to other actual political systems and not to hypothetical utopias. --- SUPPORT THIS CHANNEL --- Direct Support: https://www.jordanbpeterson.com/donate Merchandise: https://teespring.com/stores/jordanbpeterson --- BOOKS --- 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos: https://jordanbpeterson.com/12-rules-for-life/ Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief: https://jordanbpeterson.com/maps-of-meaning/ --- LINKS --- Website: https://jordanbpeterson.com/ 12 Rules for Life Tour: https://jordanbpeterson.com/events/ Blog: https://jordanbpeterson.com/blog/ Podcast: https://jordanbpeterson.com/podcast/ Reading List: https://jordanbpeterson.com/great-books/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jordan.b.peterson/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/drjordanpeterson --- PRODUCTS --- Self Authoring Suite: https://selfauthoring.com/ Understand Myself personality test: https://understandmyself.com/ Merchandise: https://teespring.com/stores/jordanbpeterson
Views: 685793 Jordan B Peterson
Rules and Expectations of conduct for rational debate - Logical Arguments
 
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A guide for the conduct necessary for a logical and well-reasoned debate. In our current climate, an understanding of the rules expected of debate. Can be used in a different form depending on if students are looking at a language analysis text or article, or if they are preparing for a debate. Rules and Expectations of conduct for rational debate 1. R ules and Expectations of conduct for rational debate 2. Learning Intention: To understand the 12 principles and apply them to the real world. Success Criteria: For you to be able to consider these principles in reference to a selected text. Your Task: How much are these principles followed in our world? Where do you believe these principles need to be applied? 3. Principle 1: Fallibility Accept you may be wrong, come with an open mind, accept that your opponent may also be wrong, or that either of you may not hold the most defensible position. Accepting fallibility means thinking scientifically, consider the history of science as the constant updating via disproving previous held views or understandings. 4. Principle 2: Truth Seeking Be a lifelong learner who aims to shift their position on ideas frequently. Consider all avenues and positions, do not ignore alternative positions. 5. Principle 3: Clarity Avoid confusing, vague or ambiguous language or structure. Do not try to disguise your opinion or arguments. Do not fall back on references to semantic differences or linguistics. 6. Principle 4: The Burden of Proof The person putting forward the argument has the responsibility to attempt to prove their position with evidence, wherever possible. 7. Principle 5: Principle of Charity Do not mishandle or reduce the argument of your opponent, do your level best to understand and re- express their argument clearly where possible. If your opponent misspeaks or makes and error be charitable and allow them a reformulation. 8. Principle 6: Structural clarity Arguments should be clearly structured and well-formed, without contradictions and clear, consistent conclusions. Your argument should use valid deductive inferences. 9. Principle 7: Relevance Include only content relevant to your own or your opponents positions. Avoid extraneous topics or needless attacks. 10. Principle 8: Acceptability Evidence and reasons used should be acceptable to a mature, rational person. This also means that care is taken for evidence to be sources and cross-checked with the greatest care. 11. Principle 9: Sufficiency Endeavour should be taken to provide a sufficient number and weight of evidence and reasons. 12. Principle 10: Rebuttal A participant should rebut and respond to all anticipated serious criticisms of their argument. 13. Principle 11 - Concluding the Debate: Suspension of Judgement If no one clearly wins the argument or debate, judgement should be avoided if possible. 14. Principle 12 - Concluding the Debate: Resolution If all of the above 10 principles are met then the debate should be declared either for or against and the debate brought to a conclusion Slides and Worksheets available here: http://www.slideshare.net/skolber Email me at :[email protected] Backdrop images from: https://pixabay.com/en/users/hadania-19110/
Karl Popper, Science, & Pseudoscience: Crash Course Philosophy #8
 
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The early 1900s was an amazing time for Western science, as Albert Einstein was developing his theories of relativity and psychology was born, as Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis took over the scientific mainstream. Karl Popper observed these developments firsthand and came to draw a distinction between what he referred to as science and pseudoscience, which might best be summarized as science disconfirms, while pseudoscience confirms. While the way we describe these disciplines has changed in the intervening years, Popper’s ideas speak to the heart of how we arrive at knowledge. -- PBS Digital Studios wants to get to know you better! If you have 10 minutes to spare by filling out a survey you'll be doing us a huge favor AND have a chance to win an awesome PBS Digital Studios shirt! https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/pbsds2016 -- Wanted: Santa Clause by Kevin Dooley https://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/3124443099, licensed under CC BY 2.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer copyright Rankin/Bass Productions & DreamWorks Classics Other images and video via VideoBlocks or Wikimedia Commons, licensed under Creative Commons by 4.0: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Crash Course Philosophy is sponsored by Squarespace. http://www.squarespace.com/crashcourse -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1258335 CrashCourse
Health Coach Kait vs Vegan Gains
 
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Health Coach Kait attempts to debunk the ideological principles of veganism by making a series of poorly thought out health and ethical arguments. Kait's video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68Yb6PdvLXM Research referenced: Plant agriculture kills fewer animals even when compared to grass fed farming methods: http://www.animalvisuals.org/projects/data/1mc Greater fiber intake reduces chronic disease and all cause mortality risk: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(18)31809-9/fulltext Micronutrient status/intake in omnivores and vegans: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26502280 Animal and plant protein intake and all cause mortality: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5048552/ Vegan diet associated with reduction of all cause mortality and chronic disease: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4073139/
Views: 28273 Vegan Gains
Friends - Ross and Phoebe argue about Evolution
 
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Season 2, Episode 3 - The One Where Heckles Dies Ross the palaeontologist, and Phoebe the new-age free spirit, argue about Evolution. (Sorry for the quality, this video is very old now, I'm trying to upload a HD version). Update: Thanks for being so nice and curious, commenters of YouTube! I've really enjoyed all of our conversations. Video Commentary: Real scientists will balk at both Ross's strident approach to explaining science to a lay-person and Phoebe's dualist irrationale. Both are very funny characters, though, and it's a good little example of where these sorts of conversations can go off the rails. (Evolution is true, though). Definition of "Scientific Theory": A scientific theory is an explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can be repeatedly tested and verified in accordance with the scientific method, using accepted protocols of observation, measurement, and evaluation of results. Where possible, theories are tested under controlled conditions in an experiment. In circumstances not amenable to experimental testing, theories are evaluated through principles of abductive reasoning. Established scientific theories have withstood rigorous scrutiny and embody scientific knowledge. Copyright notice: Warner Bros. -owned clips fairly used, in part only, to promote the show, and for entertainment, commentary and education. No ownership is claimed by the poster of this video compilation.
Views: 3560996 Glenn Davey
POLITICAL THEORY - Karl Marx
 
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Karl Marx remains deeply important today not as the man who told us what to replace capitalism with, but as someone who brilliantly pointed out certain of its problems. The School of Life, a pro-Capitalist institution, takes a look. For gifts and more from The School of Life, visit our online shop: https://goo.gl/O1tWri Download our App: https://goo.gl/kj9Vvr FURTHER READING “Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow. It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. Yet we’re also often keen to dismiss the ideas of its most famous and ambitious critic, Karl Marx. This isn’t very surprising. In practice, his political and economic ideas have been used to design disastrously planned economies and nasty dictatorships. Frankly, the remedies Marx proposed for the ills of the world now sound a bit demented. He thought we should abolish private property. People should not be allowed to own things. At certain moments one can sympathise. But it’s like wanting to ban gossip or forbid watching television. It’s going to war with human behaviour. And Marx believed the world would be put to rights by a dictatorship of the proletariat; which does not mean anything much today. Openly Marxist parties received a total of only 1,685 votes in the 2010 UK general election, out of the nearly 40 million ballots cast…” You can read more on this and many other topics on our blog TheBookofLife.org at this link: https://goo.gl/Rt3zri MORE SCHOOL OF LIFE Our website has classes, articles and products to help you think and grow: https://goo.gl/93tGtZ Watch more films on POLITICAL THEORY in our playlist: http://bit.ly/2dma0Sn Do you speak a different language to English? Did you know you can submit Subtitles on all of our videos on YouTube? For instructions how to do this click here: https://goo.gl/1DEZOx SOCIAL MEDIA Feel free to follow us at the links below: Download our App: https://goo.gl/kj9Vvr Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/theschooloflifelondon/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheSchoolOfLife Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theschooloflifelondon/ CREDITS Produced in collaboration with: Mike Booth http://www.YouTube.com/somegreybloke #TheSchoolOfLife
Views: 4635979 The School of Life
John Rawls' Theory of Justice
 
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Jonathan Wolff gives a very brief introductory overview of John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, one of the most influential works in political philosophy of the 20th century. Rawls' argument takes the form of a thought experiment involving a hypothetical contract in which people are made ignorant about certain facts about themselves which could bias them in their own favor (e.g. their race, gender, class, age, talents, etc.). In this way, ignorance is used as a way to guarantee impartiality in deciding how societies should be set up. After all, one cannot rig things up to benefit oneself if one doesn't know what one's interests are and what one's position in society will be. Rawls argued that people behind this so-called "veil of ignorance" would agree to two principles of justice: the liberty principle and the difference principle. Jonathan Wolf explains these principles and the main arguments for and against them. (My Summary) This is from an episode of the podcast Philosophy Bites from a few years back: http://www.philosophybites.com For more on John Rawls, check out the following: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XwVqDBB9PwM&
Views: 60392 Philosophy Overdose
Etiquette and Arguments
 
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This lecture is from the PHI 115 - Critical Thinking course at UNC Greensboro. In this session, we discuss a handful of principles that address virtuous habits of thought and etiquette for engaging in critical discourse with others. If you are interested in more courses (including through our online degree program) please check out the following websites: https://philosophy.uncg.edu/ https://philosophy.uncg.edu/academic-... https://online.uncg.edu/
Views: 337 Adam Rosenfeld
Winning with non-consequentialist arguments, with Alex Harris
 
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Our next workshop, by public demand, will cover how to win with non-consequentialist arguments and how to compare utilitarianism to other principles. Type your questions on the live chat on the side! Alex Harris has over 40 speaking breaks, including being in the top team at EUDC 2015, breaking at WUDC 2016, and reaching the semifinals of Oxford and Cambridge. Alex has also broken as a judge at over 20 competitions, including twice at EUDC, and has chaired various out-rounds. He has CA'd multiple competitions and run training across Europe.
Computer Programming for Beginners | Functions, Parameters & Arguments | Ep24
 
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Functions are verbs that allow our application's to run and perform certain tasks when invoked. Invoking or calling a function is a call to action to perform the list of command's that function has stored. All functions have an execution context's. An execution context is a list of instruction's that complete the action behind the verb. Parameters are variables, they are empty containers that can be populated or given values when the function is invoked. This helps the process to adapt the verb to suit many situations; a lot like verbs in human languages. Arguments are the values that are passed to the parameters; these arguments can effect the outcome or process of a function to suit the situation. Programming 101 course: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLGC-hHIh7l5s6Spz86OT1u0A7kvQH-2B0 This tutorial is brought to you by http://www.avelx.co.uk/ - Coding tutorials to help you grow.
Views: 2275 Avelx
Video 4 - Principles of Bioethics
 
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Explanation of autonomy, beneficence, utility, non-maleficence, and justice
Views: 13031 Andrew Erickson
Beginner's Guide to Kant's Moral Philosophy
 
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A simple introduction to Kant’s Categorical Imperative and his deontological approach to ethics Subscribe! http://tinyurl.com/pr99a46 Guest Stars! Carly Toffle - http://tinyurl.com/zcngtcl Cameron Sanderson - http://tinyurl.com/jytlpu6 Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/PhilosophyTube Audible: http://tinyurl.com/jn6tpup FAQ: http://tinyurl.com/j8bo4gb Facebook: http://tinyurl.com/jgjek5w Twitter: @PhilosophyTube Email: [email protected] Google+: google.com/+thephilosophytube realphilosophytube.tumblr.com Recommended Reading: Kant – Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Glow shine animation by AAVFX: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNAaC4qXVyQ If you or your organisation would like to financially support Philosophy Tube in distributing philosophical knowledge to those who might not otherwise have access to it in exchange for credits on the show, please get in touch! Any copyrighted material should fall under fair use for educational purposes or commentary, but if you are a copyright holder and believe your material has been used unfairly please get in touch with us and we will be happy to discuss it.
Views: 387802 Philosophy Tube

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