Angelina Jolie, DCMG (/dʒoʊˈliː/ joh-LEE, born Angelina Jolie Voight; June 4, 1975), is an American actress and filmmaker. She has received an Academy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards, and was named Hollywood's highest-paid actress by Forbes in 2009, 2011, and 2013. Jolie promotes humanitarian causes, and is noted for her work with refugees as a Special Envoy and former Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). She has been cited as the world's "most beautiful" woman by various media outlets, a title for which she has received substantial publicity.
Jolie made her screen debut as a child alongside her father, Jon Voight, in Lookin' to Get Out (1982). Her film career began in earnest a decade later with the low-budget production Cyborg 2 (1993). Her first leading role in a major film was in the cyber-thriller Hackers (1995). She starred in the critically acclaimed biographical television films George Wallace (1997) and Gia (1998), and won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the drama Girl, Interrupted (1999).
Jolie achieved wide fame after her portrayal of the video game heroine Lara Croft in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001). She was ranked among the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood with the sequel The Cradle of Life (2003). She continued her action-star career with Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005), Wanted (2008), Salt (2010) and The Tourist (2010). Her biggest commercial success was the fantasy film Maleficent (2014). She received critical acclaim for her performances in the dramas A Mighty Heart (2007) and Changeling (2008), which earned her a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Jolie made her directorial debut with the 2007 documentary, A Place in Time, followed by the wartime drama, In the Land of Blood and Honey (2011).
Divorced from actors Jonny Lee Miller and Billy Bob Thornton, Jolie is now married to actor Brad Pitt. They have six children, three of whom are adopted. Jolie and Pitt's relationship has attracted protracted media attention.
Early life and family
Born in Los Angeles, California, Jolie is the daughter of married actors Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand. Her brother is actor James Haven and their paternal uncle is singer-songwriter Chip Taylor. Her godparents are actors Jacqueline Bisset and Maximilian Schell. On her father's side, Jolie is of German and Slovak descent, and on her mother's side, she is descended from maternal Dutch and German immigrants of the 19th century, and paternal French Canadians going back to 17th-century colonists in Quebec. Jolie has said that she is part Iroquois; her only known indigenous ancestor was a Huron woman born in 1649 in Quebec.
After her parents' separation in 1976, Jolie and her brother lived with their mother, who had abandoned her acting ambitions to focus on raising her children. She has said that as a child, she often watched movies with her mother; this inspired her interest in acting, rather than her father's career. When she was six years old, her mother and stepfather, filmmaker Bill Day, moved the family to Palisades, New York; they returned to Los Angeles five years later. She decided she wanted to act and enrolled at the Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute, where she trained for two years and appeared in several stage productions.
At the age of 14, Jolie dropped out of her acting classes. She aspired to become a funeral director. She began working as a fashion model, mainly in Los Angeles, New York, and London. During this period, she wore black clothing, experimented with knife play, and went out moshing with her live-in boyfriend. Two years later, after the relationship had ended, she rented an apartment above a garage a few blocks from her mother's home. She graduated from high school and returned to theater studies. In 2005 she referred to this period, saying, "I am still at heart—and always will be—just a punk kid with tattoos."
Jolie suffered episodes of depression throughout her teens and early twenties. She felt isolated at Beverly Hills High School among the children of some of the area's affluent families. Her mother survived on a more modest income, and Angelina was teased by other students for being extremely thin, and wearing glasses and braces. She found it difficult to emotionally connect with other people, and as a result she started to self-harm. She said, "I collected knives and always had certain things around. For some reason, the ritual of having cut myself and feeling the pain, maybe feeling alive, feeling some kind of release, it was somehow therapeutic to me." She also began experimenting with drugs; by the age of 20, she had tried "just about every drug possible," including heroin.